General measures may be sufficient to control mild cases as follows:
• Alcohol: stay within recommended limits (e.g. 14 units/week for women, 21 units/week for men)
• Diet: of proven value for the short-term reduction in blood pressure is reduction in fat content, and increase in fruit, vegetables and fibre.32 There is some additional benefit from reducing intake of salt: avoidance of highly salted foods, and omission of added salt from freshly prepared food.
• Relaxation therapy: worth considering for highly motivated borderline patients.
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