As discussed in Section 22.7, illumination of chloroplasts leads to light-driven pumping of protons into the thylakoid lumen, which causes pH changes in both the stroma and the thylakoid lumen (Figure 22.27). The stromal pH rises, typically to pH 8. Because rubisco and rubisco activase are more active at pH 8, CO2 fixation is activated as stromal pH rises. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, ribulose-5-phosphate kinase, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase all have alkaline pH optima. Thus, their activities increase as a result of the light-induced pH increase in the stroma.
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