Ayurveda the Science of Life

The Ayurveda Experience

The Ayurveda Experience is a three-step process to becoming more calm, healthy, and happy with a carefully researched 3-step process described in this eBook guide. You will identify your unique personality type and all of the problems and struggles that your personality type faces, and way to live your life so that you will become more satisfied and happier. Most of your problems in life stem from the fact that people do not realize that you are different from them. Since everyone is unique, everyone needs special treatment for their individual problems. There is no such thing as a one size fits all treatment plan for depression or weight or anything else. The Ayurveda Experience takes ancient Indian religion and medicine into account, and your unique person to come up with the perfect plan for you to become as healthy as you could possibly be. Learn your personality and what makes you tick, and then follow the plan to become the best person that you can be, treated the way that you were intended to be treated! Continue reading...

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Adherence to Healthy Life Habits

Performing the exercise in groups might be preferred for the maintenance phase as the patient will benefit from psychosocial support within the group. Here, patient organizations, voluntary organizations, coronary clubs, etc. are available in many countries. For practical reasons, for some patients home-based or work-site training is an alternative. Yet, regular contact with the CR center staff, phone calls or even via the internet are all helpful in supporting a continued healthy lifestyle.14

Your Health and Weli Being

This survey asks for your views about your health. This information wilt help keep track of how you feel and how well you are able to do your usual activities. Thank you for completing this survey 1, In general, would you say your health is 2. Compared to one year ago, how would you rate your health in general now

Ayurveda

Ayurvedic medicine traces its roots back 5000 years. This knowledge was developed in ancient Hindu texts, the Vedas. The four branches of the vedic sciences include self-knowledge, yoga, vedic astrology, and ayurveda, the science of healing with herbs, massage, and dietary manip- Ayurvedic Organization of Doshas Vata Kapha ulations. One of the central concepts is the prana, the vital force that all individuals have, akin to the Chinese chi. In ayurveda, the five major elements, earth, air, fire, water, and ether, are combined into three doshas, vata (ether and air), pitta (fire and water), and kapha (earth and water). Each person is endowed with a unique balance of these, the pakriti, which governs physiological and psychological functions. Ayurvedic physicians attempt to identify abnormalities in the patient's pakritic pattern, and apply therapy to guide it back into balance. Patients' personalities and body characteristics are determined, according to which of the doshas is dominant...

Herbal Medicine

There are few published studies of herbal medicine as a pediatric therapy, despite the general popularity of herbal remedies (9) and the likelihood that many are given to children in the home. The only two existing studies that were randomized, double-blinded controlled trials were conducted by Sarrell and colleagues to evaluate a naturopathic herbal extract (NHE) for ear pain associated with acute otitis media (AOM) (55,56). Although well designed, both studies excluded children younger than 5 years of age despite AOM being the most common complaint in ages 2-3 years. Sarrell et al. excluded these children because younger children are not able to report pain clearly and accurately. should be considered a possibly efficacious treatment for AOM-related ear pain in children. Other herbal remedies should be subjected to similar trials.

Variability in Micronutrient Requirements among Individuals

Put simply, each person has unique nutritional requirements. Depending on one's individual genetic makeup, striking variability can exist in the body's biochemistry. A nutrient intake sufficient for one person may be inadequate for another. For example, 2 mg day of vitamin B6 is adequate for good health in most people, yet some individuals with inherited defects in vitamin B6 metabolism need up to 30 to 100 times this amount.25 The absorption and daily requirement for calcium can vary four- to fivefold among healthy middle-aged women.26 Normal plasma concentrations for 1,25 (OH)2 vitamin D (the activated form of the vitamin) vary between 15 and 45 pg ml in healthy adults.9 In the 10 of the population who are heterozygous for the hemochromatosis gene (see pp. 68), dietary iron intakes that normally maintain health may be toxic in the long-term.27

Energy Distribution Among Nutrients

However, in addition to the importance of controlling the total amount of dietary energy, food choices should be directed towards a balanced distribution of energy among nutrient sources. Epidemiological and experimental studies have led to the establishment of correct energy distribution among carbohydrates, fats, and protein, in order to prevent the onset of chronic diseases and to assure the maintenance of a good nutritional and health status. In this view, in the USA, more than 20 years ago, a Senate Select Committee stated that the energy distribution compatible with good health and that should be reached by the American population (dietary goals) should consist of 58 of energy from carbohydrates, 30 from fats, and 12 from proteins. Among carbohydrates, 15 of calories should derive from sugars and 40-50 from complex carbohydrates, while, among fats, 10 of calories should come from saturated fats and 20 from unsaturated fats 13 .

The structure of the book

Also included in this important part are other approaches derived from other models of health and illness, perhaps from different cultures. They include acupuncture and herbal medicine. With many of these interventions there is a great opportunity for nurses and other health-care professionals to develop their relationship with the patient. In this way they can become more of a partner with him or her, allowing the sufferer a much more important, perhaps leading, role in the management of their pain.

Case of Chronic Headache

Our literature review, confined to mostly systemic family functioning, will show that there is much evidence of family disruption in the face of parental chronic illness. On the other hand, this body of literature falls somewhat short of defining the optimum functioning of these families. Families of chronically ill patients do not favorably compare with well families, and yet the benchmark of comparison for these families is invariably with well families. What could be construed as healthy functioning for the Christy family in view of the low probability of this family's returning to Mrs. Christy's premorbid level of functioning We shall also attempt to address the critical issue of ascertaining effective family functioning for chronic pain families, whose optimum functioning may be at variance with that of normal families. This particular issue is neglected in the research. The prevailing wisdom is to compare chronic pain families with normal families, and make judgments about their...

Oxygen Uptake In The Lung

As an example of an autoregulation experiment, Shephard et al. (1973) studied decapitated dogs, in whom blood pressure was maintained by infusion of epinephrine. When the blood pressure was lowered by either decreasing the epinephrine infusion or reducing the level of venous blood return to the heart, cardiac output fell precipitously to about 60 per cent of its control value. At the same time, the extraction of oxygen in the circulation increased by a comparable amount, so that tissue oxygen consumption ( VO2) was preserved. Thus the end result of autoregulation was maintenance of tissue homeostasis over a range of different conditions.This is a very important concept for transfusion practice, because it suggests that need for a one-to-one replacement of lost red cells is not necessary because of the healthy body's capacity to compensate through a variety of mechanisms. The problem comes in determining when the compensatory mechanisms are stretched to their limit in a given patient.

Habitual Exercise and Cardiovascular Disease

A threshold of intensity is probably required to achieve benefit. Although this threshold cannot be defined from available information, much of the exercise described in published reports that is associated with good health is at least moderate in intensity, such as brisk walking ( 5km h) complete bedrest of three weeks as the extreme form of inactivity has a profound negative impact on physical work capacity similar to that of three decades of aging, as a recent longitudinal follow-up study suggested.20,21 This emphasizes the importance of even low levels of exercise to at least maintain the physical work capacity at a constant level. The age-related decline in aerobic power among five middle-aged men occurring over 30 years could be completely reversed by a more intense 6-month endurance training program. However, no subject achieved the same VO2max attained after intensive training as young men. The improved aerobic power after training was primarily the result of peripheral...

Hereditary Metabolic Diseases

Bleeding within neoplasm mimicking a stroke. A 59-year-old man, in good health, suddenly collapsed. A few hours later, he was lethargic, his left side was paralyzed, a mild right ptosis was present, and the right pupil was slightly larger than the left, indicating incipient transtentorial uncal herniation. Three days later, he died. His medical history was significant for excision of a cutaneous melanoma 9 years earlier. A noncontrast CT scan of the head shows (A) a large right frontal and (B) a small right occipital hyperdense lesion surrounded by hypodense edema with mass effect. The brain shows (C) circumscribed hemor-rhagic lesions corresponding to the large frontal and the small occipital lesions shown on the CT scan, and also a third small parietal lesion histologically, all melanomas.

Therapeutic interventions

Conclusive evidence that lowering hsCRP levels leads to a reduction in clinical cardiovascular events in primary prevention settings is not available. Nevertheless, many behavioral and pharmacological interventions that reduce cardiovascular event rates are associated with lower hsCRP levels. Behavioral interventions in this category include smoking cessation, weight loss, increased physical activity, and dietary modification (see ref. 6 for a review). Pharmacological interventions are reviewed in the following sections. Because a patient's compliance with recommended interventions depends in part on his or her perception of absolute disease risk and because the addition of hsCRP testing to existing risk algorithms provides an improved prediction tool, a major rationale for hsCRP screening is to help motivate at-risk individuals to adopt healthier lifestyles and to comply with prescribed drug therapies.

Special Considerations for Type 1 Diabetes

Nutrition recommendations for a healthy lifestyle for the general public14 are also appropriate for persons with type 1 diabetes. Since the body weight of patients with type 1 diabetes is usually normal, energy intake does not have to be modified. Many type 1 diabetic patients are now treated with intensive insulin therapy (insulin pumps or basal-bolus insulin regimen). For these

Nutritional Intervention to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes in Overweight Obese Subjects

Because much of the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is attributable to obesity,10 maintenance of a healthy body weight is strongly recommended as a means of preventing this disease. The relationship between glycemic index and glycemic load and the development of type 2 diabetes remains unclear at this time.9

Retroviruses Rejected for Gene Therapy

In 1977, scientists were able to use gene therapy techniques to deliver a gene into the cells of mammals. American doctor W. French Anderson performed one of the first studies of gene therapy in humans in 1990 on a four-year-old girl who had a rare genetic immune system disorder called severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). The immune system fights off infections from bacteria and viruses, and the disorder made it difficult for her body to stay healthy. Anderson and his team genetically altered her white blood cells and then returned them to her body. The new white blood cells strengthened the girl's immune system and made it possible for her to survive.

What Happens to Communication

Fourth, this model does not take into account a common observation made with chronic pain families, which is that the actual quantity of communication between the patient and family members diminishes. It is not just the quality of communication that might suffer, but the quantity also seems to decline. Many patients ascribe this phenomenon to their loss of position within the family (see Chapter 7), the notion that when you are sick, you should not be bothered by trivial problems and certainly not by serious ones because this may be detrimental to your health, and to a tendency on the part of the children to leave the patient (parent) alone because that is what they are often told to do. All of this conspires to enhance the patient's sense of isolation and poses a further challenge to an already compromised identity. It is impossible to discuss family communication in isolation from the rest of the family's functioning. For that reason, the cases will be discussed in some depth to...

Choosing the Structure and Content of Your Report

Very little information was provided by Mr. Smith's primary care physician regarding his medical history. During the interview, Mr. Smith described himself as in generally good health. He denied having major illnesses or hospitalizations during his childhood or teen years. He noted that he rarely gets sick and that his employment attendance was exceptionally good. To the best of his recollection, his only major medical problems and associated treatments were for kidney stones (1996) and removal of a benign polyp from his colon (1998). He reported taking vitamins and glucosamine sulfate (for general health and joint pain), but currently does not take any prescription medications. Mr. Smith's primary care physician is Dr. Nancy Jones.

Pretreatment Evaluation And Education

In addition, use of other medication is discussed, particularly the use of Tylenol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Tylenol is preferred as the drug of choice for the flu-like symptoms associated with IFN, and for the headaches, but many patients are worried about the use of Tylenol and need to be informed that up to 3 g d has little liver toxicity. Patients are advised that, before they start any new therapy, they should inform their caregiver that they have chronic liver disease. Many patients are interested in the use of vitamin preparations and herbal remedies, which are discussed in Chapter 13. The authors do, however, recommend that patients should avoid iron-containing multivitamins and high doses of vitamin A. Antioxidant therapy, such as milk thistle (Silymarin) and vitamin E, are almost ubiquitously used by patients with CHC. The vitamin E is the preferred antioxidant, at a dose of 800 U d. Many patients will not stop their herbal remedies, even...

Overview of the Chapter

Cardiac rehabilitation can be defined as the restoration of physical, psychological, and social functions after a cardiac event. The level of function may not be the same as before the event however, optimal capacity and quality of life should be the goal. Secondary prevention can be defined as the development and practice of long-term strategies aiming at minimizing symptoms, preventing recurrence, and hopefully compressing morbidity and prolonging life. Such strategies entail healthy lifestyle, behavioral and emotional coping skills, stress management, problem solving, and adherence to medication. The involvement of spouse and family members in the rehabilitation has the potential of facilitating the process and improving the outcome.

Who Does What An Exploration of Family Roles

Another study investigated the association between physical symptoms including headaches (79 ), stomach discomfort (62 ), and back pain (61 ) and work and family roles in a group of 403 women, 25 to 55 years of age (Barnett et al., 1991). Work in itself was not a negative factor, but combined with a positive marriage or partnership, women were more likely to reap physical health benefits from the rewards of their altruism toward their fellow workers and from positive support from supervisors. However, worries at work contributed to complaints of high levels of physical symptoms. The authors stated, The significant interactions between women's family roles and particular work factors underscore the need to incorporate into our research paradigm the non-workplace lives of female as well as male workers (p. 99). They also reported absence of studies of male workers examining the effects of either partnership or parental status on the relationship between workplace factors and physical...

The Balance between Collagen Dissolving Enzymes and Lysine

A second important fact shown in the illustration is the balance between the collagen-dissolving mechanism (red) and its blocking mechanism (green) during sickness and health. In normal conditions these systems are in perfect balance. When police cells are wandering through the body, the balance is disturbed. But the healthy body then restores the balance within moments.

The Role of the Nurse in Phase III Rehabilitation

Goal of the cardiac rehabilitation nurse is to educate patients in the means to do this. Phase III rehabilitation mostly concerns maintenance of a heart-healthy lifestyle. The nurse can encourage this by completing the formal aspects to the rehabilitation program. This should include the following recommendations

The Major Degenerative Diseases

Good health late in life depends largely on avoiding the major degenerative diseases associated with getting old. These common disorders greatly accelerate the aging process -preventing these conditions would allow many to live a healthy life well past the age of 100. (A detailed discussion of the nutritional prevention and treatment of each of these important disorders can be found in later sections. Cancer. The chances of getting cancer double every 10 years after the age of 50. The accumulated effects of poor nutrition and exposure to cancer-causing substances in the environment weaken the immune system and impair DNA repair mechanisms - making cancer more likely in lateryears. It is estimated that about 30-50 of all cancers are due to dietary factors.7 Proper eating habits, antioxi-dant supplementation, and a healthy lifestyle can dramatically reduce risk of cancer.

Adverse Effects Of Herbal Therapy

Herbal remedies may be toxic for other reasons. For example, toxic substances, i.e., heavy metals, or substitutes such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, may contaminate herbal products and cause adverse events. An additional area of concern is the interactions between herbal remedies and medications. Chinese herbal drugs have been found to increase the activity of coumarin other plants high in vitamin K reduce the drug's effectiveness (33). A recent letter to the editor (34) stated that eight patients taking St. John's Wort developed breakthrough bleeding, despite being on oral contraceptives. Because of its efficacy in treatment of mild depression, St. John's Wort has been suggested as a possible addition to IFN regimens, because IFN treatment is associated with the development ofdepression. This has raised concerns that St. John's Wort therapy may result in unwanted pregnancy. This is of concern to hepatologists, because patients on IFN therapy are mandated to utilize...

The Optimal Hematocrit

What is the 'optimal' hematocrit Obviously, there is no simple answer to this question and certainly none that would apply to all patients. Because it is easily measured, hematocrit is frequently taken as a surrogate for oxygen transport capa-bility.The bulk viscosity of blood increases exponentially with hematocrit, and increased viscosity raises resistance to blood flow, limiting cardiac output in the absence of compensatory mechanisms. As the oxygen capacity of the blood (hemoglobin or hematocrit) increases, cardiac output decreases, and over a wide range of hematocrit there exists an optimum, defined as the point of maximal oxygen delivery.These principles have been studied theoretically (Crowell and Smith, 1967), in animals (Guyton et al., 1973) and in humans with extensions to high altitude polycythemia (Winslow and Monge, 1987), and the general conclusion is that 35 per cent hematocrit represents the best combination of cardiac output and hematocrit in healthy animals and...

CR Maintenance Phase Difficulties

Cardiac rehabilitation, a comprehensive secondary prevention program, is considered to be the appropriate intervention to promote the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, stress management, and risk factor control in CAD patients.5 Today's challenge is to promote a comprehensive long-lasting program, including exercise, education, and secondary prevention interventions, that is affordable and likely to be maintained in the long run.

History Of Lead Discovery And Screening

The emergence of this accidental approach to drug discovery has its origins in early history with traditional natural herbal remedies that were passed from generation to generation in local communities or tribes. In fact, the early history of lead discovery is all about natural products and herbal remedies, the use of which dates back thousands of years. It was not until the late 18th and early 19th centuries that an analytical investigation of the active components of medicinal plants and herbal remedies was pursued. This resulted in the discovery of alkaloids such as atropine, morphine, codeine, and papaverine, which eventually became the major constituents of many modern analgesic and cardiac medicines. The discovery of aspirin (from Willow bark), the cannabinoids (from cannabis sativa), and digitalis (from foxglove leaf) also came many years, in some cases thousands of years, after these remedies were being used for pain relief, sedation, and dropsy (5-9).

Social Causes of Weight Loss

Hospitalised AIDS patients, who take in only 70 of resting energy expenditure (REE) needs and 65 of protein needs, excluding the extra needs resulting from the hypermetabolism associated with fever, acute infections, and physical activity. Dietetic deficits in protein and calorie consumption interfere with the natural course of the main disease, emphasising subjective symptoms such as sickness, asthenia, anorexia, emesis, and constipation, which in turn interfere with feeding. A close relationship exists between susceptibility to infectious diseases and nutritional status regular nutrition and general good health make individuals more resistant to infections. Similarly, anergy to cutaneous tests (PPD, candidin, DNCB, etc.) is closely related to body-weight insufficiency and hypoalbuminaemia. The pre-surgical correction of denutrition reduces the incidence of post-surgical infectious complications, favouring the healing of the wounds and a quicker return to health 18-20 .

How Much Sun Exposure Is Enough

Recognising the limitations of existing evidence, a very pragmatic approach was adopted in Australia. Based on evidence relating to bone gracture and vitamin D, it was agreed that one-third of a minimal erythemal dose (MED) to 15 of the body, (e.g. the face, arms and hands) on most days of the week would be sufficient to maintain adequate vitamin D absorption to reduce osteoporosis risk (Newson et al. 2004). In practice this equates in the Australian context to only 10 min sun exposure either side of the peak UV period on most days of the week over summer and 2-3 h per week sun exposure during the winter months. This level was acceptable to the ACOD, as it was considered that the general population were already likely to be exceeding these recommendations as part of their normal day-to-day activity, even if they were always adopting sun protective measures during periods of high ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In addition, all parties agreed that the benefit of some sunlight is far...

Is Increased Physical Activity a Key Part of the Solution

Of significant note is that mildly deficient vitamin D levels (between 25 and 50 nmol l) in the general population has been only during winter periods. Notably, children who were obese had lower vitamin D levels and higher levels of vitamin D were seen in adolescent boys who participated in sport (Jones et al. 1999, 2005). Therefore, by encouraging people to be more physically active outdoors in winter months, we will not only be increasing their vitamin D levels, but also importantly contributing to their overall good health. Increasing levels of physical activity will not be a solution, however, at latitudes where little if any UV is present over winter months.

Clinical Approach

51.3 A 24-year-old woman delivered vaginally at term approximately 2 months previously. She was in good health until 1 week ago, when she began to complain of nervousness, tremulousness, and feeling warm. TSH level is 0.01 mlU L. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis

Myriad Britain and Culture Clash

What happened when Myriad tried to expand its version of BRCA-testing services to Britain and the rest of Europe Would Myriad's technology and way of structuring the identities of clients and health-care professionals be neatly transferable to the British context And how would the British government, British scientists, British clinicians, and British patients respond to Myriad's attempt to insinuate its approach to BRCA testing into their institutions Would they be able to accept Myriad's definition of a good health outcome, or would they remain loyal to the British approach system encompassing the clinical and technical dimensions of the test, particular roles for testing system participants such as clients and health-care professionals, and specific definitions of a good health outcome into a cultural context that differed greatly from the one in which it had been built.

Inhibitory Effect Of Shosaikoto On Hepatic Fibrosis

Several reports concerning the role of Sho-saiko-to with respect to the prevention and treatment of experimental liver damage induced in rats by D-galactosamine (Ymamoto et al., 1985), carbon tetrachloride (Amagaya et al., 1988a), dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) (Amagaya et al., 1988b), and pig serum (PS) (Amagaya et al., 1988b) have appeared. Although the mechanism by which Sho-saiko-to prevents hepatic fibrosis is not at present clear, it has been reported that the preadminis-tration of this herbal medicine protects the liver plasma membrane and HSCs against injury (Sakaguchi et al., 1983). Moreover, Sho-saiko-to was reported to prevent the development of hepatic

Association Vs Causation In Environmental Epidemiology

This raises questions regarding the value of such information for any purpose other than after-the-fact epidemiological analysis, which is not useful for the commander in the field who has the responsibility to complete the mission managing competing risks. Commanders are currently trained to manage risk in accordance with FM 100-14, Risk Management, which applies a probability severity of health outcome matrix to hazards69 (Figure 9.3). Obvious catastrophic events such as a release of highly toxic materials would have severe health risks, although the probability of such a release can only be estimated (Figure 9.4). However, since the most profound preventive action is avoidance, troop locations can be selected with regard to proximity and plume direction from industrial facilities. With respect to exposure to low ambient levels of chemicals, health effects may be delayed or produce little obvious and measurable impact on the immediate mission, but the probability of...

Beyond Breast Cancer Informing Technology Policymaking

Receptive to particular treatment regimens, has stimulated debate about whether it is possible or desirable to create therapies targeted to the individual and if such efforts will re-inscribe race as a relevant biological category.8 Another similar breed of genetics, called nutrigenomics, has already emerged, which promises to identify genetic variants linked to particular body types and health needs and thereby help clients make better health and lifestyle decisions. Sciona, Inc. offers a nutrigenetic test called Cellf to discover The Science of You. The Cellf Report, which is sent to the client after she buys a kit at a retail outlet and sends a cheek swab and payment to the company, explains which gene variations you have, what effects they may have on your health, and what specific amounts of food, nutrients, supplements, and exercise may help tailor-made and written just for you.9 Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, which allows couples to genetically test an embryo created...

Economic and Political Issues

Today, malaria is becoming a greater health problem than before in many parts of the world. Epidemics are occurring in areas where transmission had been eliminated. These outbreaks are generally associated with deteriorating social and economic conditions, and many victims are in underprivileged rural populations. Demographic, economic, and political pressures compel entire populations (seasonal workers, nomadic tribes, and farmers migrating to newly developed urban areas or new agricultural and economic developments) to leave malaria-free areas and move into endemic zones. These people are often non-immune and at high risk of severe disease. Unfortunately, these population movements and the intensive urbanization are not always accompanied by adequate development of sanitation and health care.

How Much Vitamin C Do I need A Tolerance Test

The daily vitamin C needs for your body to stay healthy depend on two basic factors your genetic construction the DNA (stretched cone) and the actual health status of your body (short cone). As there is no system to measure the required daily need for vitamin C, we have to learn how to interpret the signals our body gives us. Too much vitamin C and the body will react with the signal of mild diarrhea. The reason the excess vitamin C is excreted and causes fast bowels.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In a case reported by Chrisomalis et al.,75 a 30-year-old woman with CLL experienced repeated infections during pregnancy that were treated successfully with antibiotics. She was not treated for the CLL, as she was asymptomatic. In addition to her bone marrow, the intervillous spaces of the placenta were filled with mature-appearing lymphocytes consistent with CLL. The patient delivered a healthy newborn, and the patient and baby remained in good health 1 year after delivery.75 Welsh et al.76 reported a 22-year-old patient with CLL diagnosed at 35 weeks gestation with a WBC count of 45,400 L. She delivered a healthy infant at term. Four months following delivery, her WBC count decreased to 10,300 L without therapy. She continued to have a high percentage of monoclonal lymphocytes, but the absolute number decreased. The authors concluded that this represents an apparent spontaneous clinical but not clonal regression.76

The Body Beautiful

Winslow, The Evolution and Significance of the Modern Public Health Campaign (New Haven Yale University Press, 1923), 30. Winslow was a forceful US campaigner Arthur Newsholme was a key figure in the United Kingdom see John M. Eyler, Sir Arthur Newsholme and State Medicine, 1885-1935 (Cambridge Cambridge University Press, 1997) Newsholme, Evolution of Preventive Medicine (London Baliere, 1927). On public health nursing, see Christopher Maggs, 'A General History of Nursing 1800-1900', in Bynum and Porter (eds.), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine, ii and Maggs (ed.), Nursing History The State of the Art (London Croom Helm, 1987). On hygiene advertising and industry-led hygiene initiatives, see Nancy Tomes, The Gospel of Germs Men, Women and the Microbe in American Life (Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University Press, 1998), 117-23, 247-52, and Juliann Sivulka, Stronger than Dirt A Cultural History of Advertising Personal Hygiene in North America (Amherst, NY Humanity...

Immunomodulating and Adaptogenic Effects

Certain plants widely used in the Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine for treatment of chronic infections and immunological disorders were studied on delayed type hypersensitivity, humoral responses to sheep red blood cells, skin allograft rejection, and phagocytic activity of the reticuloendothelial system in mice. An ethanolic extract of O.gratissimum leaves (100 mg kg p.0.) appeared to improve the phagocytic function without affecting the humoral or cell-mediated immune system (Atal et al., 1986).

Hepatoprotective Activity

O.gratissimum and O.basilicum are used in a Taiwanese herbal remedy believed to possess anti-inflammatory and detoxication activities. The crude extracts was studied against CC1 - and D-GalN-induced acute hepatitis and were found to be hepatoprotective (Lin et al., 1995).

Overview Of Biochemical Markers And Aging Or Frailty

Have been associated with good health status, while reduced HDL-C values are recognized as risk factors for CHD in both middle-aged and older persons. Furthermore, it has been shown that reduced HDL-C also predicts non-CHD stroke mortality in older persons 20. Thus, low HDL-C may also be considered a valid biomarker for chronic disease and poor health status in old age.

Future Developments in Preventive Cardiology The Euroaction Project

So the challenge for preventive cardiology at all levels - for coronary patients, the relatives of patients with premature disease, and for people at high total risk of developing CVD - is considerable. What is required is innovative models of preventive care which can be integrated with everyday clinical practice to help patients and their families achieve a healthier lifestyle, modify their other risk factors, and reduce their total risk of developing or having recurrent atherosclerotic disease.

Exercise Training Combined with Blood Glucose Control

Prevention of diabetes through a healthier lifestyle Another study compared the effect of a healthy lifestyle on the occurrence of diabetes with that of metformin.16 After an average of 2.8 years it was shown that a healthy lifestyle could prevent diabetes mellitus type 2 more effectively (58 ) than metformin (31 ).

Evolution of the Technology

In time, the pharmacopoeia of Indian and Chinese cultures expanded to include a wide variety of herbs. Indian medicine, known as Ayurveda relied heavily on an extensive herbal formulary. Metallic compounds, along with substances derived from plants, animals, and minerals, came into common use in India around a.d. 1,000. At the time of the Dutch trade with India in the late 1600s, there were approximately 800 plants of medicinal value. However, with British colonization, the Indian tradition was suppressed, and the medical colleges established by the British taught only traditional Western medicine. Today, although Ayurvedic medicine is still practiced by some physicians in India, commercial Western medicines command virtually all of the pharmaceutical market. Chinese medicine is more popular in the West than Ayurvedic (Indian) medicine, in part because the Chinese have been more prone to absorb medical practices and pharmaceuticals from other cultures. For example, ginseng (Korea),...

Patents Containing Bupleurum

Extract preparation method CN1575810 Chinese herbal medicine for treating intractable headache CN1473626 Chinese herbal medicine health sanitary incense CN1468546 Liver strengthening agent for marine fishes CN1480161 Preparation of Chinese herbal medicine for treating lithiasis as well as its preparation method Chinese medicine and its preparation CN1430999 Chinese herbal medicine combination for treating disease of disorder of bowel function and its production

Revolutionary Hygiene and Naturphilosophie

After 1789 the French Revolution gave hygiene a new political status. Revolutionary French hygienists enthusiastically followed the plan of rational medicine set by the philosophes, and used hygiene and preventive medicine as a stick with which to beat the forces of conservatism. Revolutionary hygiene progressed from being a lengthy article in the Encyclop die m thodique in the 1780s to becoming officially adopted as one of the rights of the healthy citizen, and one of the duties of the state, by the National Convention's Committee on Salubrity in 1793. Behind the scenes public hygiene had been a long time maturing. Plague deaths

Seperation Of Cho From Soft Drinks

The fortification of some foods has been common practice for years. However, the production of soft drinks containing added vitamins was much less common until about 10 years ago. A few fortified products had been available for a long while, such as Trink 10 in Germany, which is a mixture of ten juices fortified with a range of vitamins, but these were uncommon. Also the fortification of beverages can sometimes offer its own challenges, one being to mask the taste of the added vitamins. However, with the concentration on a healthier lifestyle, fortification is now more common, and the highly successful launch of Sunny Delight, which contains vitamins, in the late 1990s meant that there has been a lot of 'me too' activity. The introduction of the revised Fruit Juice Directive in the United Kingdom in 2003 (Anon, 2003b) has led to the possibility of fruit juices fortified with vitamins and or minerals, rather than just fortified fruit juice drinks. Anon (1996c) British Herbal...

The Swiss Heart Foundation

With public events on the World Heart Day or by means of the health platform Rendez-vous Heart (educational seminars and risk of heart attack tests in the Heart Bus), the heart group members are encouraged to play the role of messengers for a healthy lifestyle and to increase public awareness regarding the heart groups and their activities. Both the internet platform7 and the newsletter mein Herz (my heart) aim at improving the ties within the network of heart groups.8

Nux Vomike Taken Period

The Arab philosophers took over custody of the classical texts concerning medicine and other scientific knowledge. Greek and Roman writings on herbal medicine by Galen and others were copied into vast books which also incorporated the Arab physicians' own discoveries about the natural world. Two notable and massive compilations were the Royal Book of All Medicine (al-Kitab al-Malaki) by Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi, known in the West as Haly Abbas, who died in 994, and slightly later the Canon of Medicine by ibn Sina known as Avicenna, who died in 1037. As knowledge of the new Eastern drugs trickled westwards, mentions of nux vomica and lignum colubrinum began to appear in the herbals, or books describing different plants and herbal medicines, that were written, first on the Continent, then in England. The first Continental pharmacopoeia was published in Florence in 1498, and the earliest of the English herbals were little more than borrowings from the Continental authors and in the case...

You Will Be Careful as to the Second Article

The extent of nux vomica's use in traditional Indian medicine is uncertain. There are contradictory accounts. According to one nineteenth century source, it was seldom if ever used by Hindu physicians because of the dangers.4 However, if a modern compilation of traditional remedies is to be believed, it would probably be easier to list those afflictions for which it has not been recommended.5 Typically, in India the nuts were boiled in milk to soften them, then scraped into a paste which can be set aside and softened again when needed. They were also recommended as prophylactics against various diseases. It was commonplace to take nux vomica every day to protect against snake bites. In a paper read by Mr. Baker to the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta in 1823, he related the case of a servant who, while carrying an umbrella for a British officer, suddenly fell down in a fit. He appeared stiff and lifeless, and when he stood up, rested on his heels, with his toes turned upwards,...

Cannabis in India ancient lore and modern medicine

GW Pharmaceuticals, 2235 Wylie Avenue, Missoula, MT 59809, USA Introduction Ayurvedic medicine India is a land steeped in faith and mysticism. Ayurveda, combining the Sanskrit words for life and knowledge, is a system of medicine intertwined inextricably with these traits. That a core of belief combined with empirical experimentation could produce a viable medical regimen still widely practiced after well over 3000 years is astounding to Western physicians. Cannabis was similarly bound to faith and mysticism in India in the past, in the Hindu and Islamic traditions, as well as in numerous other minority religions 1 . Merlin recently explained it well 2 , with the powerful tools of modern science and human imagination, our understanding of our deep-rooted desire to experience ecstasy in the original sense of the word (to break the mind free from the body and communicate with the 'gods' or the ancestors) will become clear with time. This chapter will seek to examine the medical claims...

The Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation CVPR Program Hospital

Adopting healthy lifestyle habits to reduce cardiovascular risk The first degree relatives (siblings or offspring over the age of 18) of patients who present with premature coronary disease (men who present with CHD before the age of 55 and women before the age of 65) are identified by the nurse. Relatives who live in the same household as the index patient are recruited to the program. Those relatives who do not live in the same household as the patient are sent a Personal Support Pack (www.escardio.org EuroAction) in the post. This pack comprises a covering letter, an education booklet, a questionnaire, and a letter to the relative's own physician. The booklet provides information on coronary disease and cardiovascular risk, and advice on how to adopt a healthy lifestyle. The questionnaire has two sections. Section 1 is completed by the relative and includes questions on their current lifestyle regarding smoking, diet, and physical activity. Section 2 is for the relative's...

The Difference between the Diet of Our Distant Ancestors and Our Diet Today

In the industrialized countries diets have changed remarkably over the past 100 years. This dietary shift, combined with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, is a major cause of many common diseases-heart disease, osteoporosis, tooth decay, high blood pressure, and diabetes. These disorders, so prevalent now, were rare before the 20th century. For thousands of years, humans adapted to and thrived on a diet radically different from today's diet.19,20 Looking at the diet of our ancestors provides an insight into what foods and nutrients humans were genetically designed to consume for good health.

Current Concepts

Greater attention is now being devoted to the educational and counseling components of rehabilitative care, with new techniques being applied in these areas as well. Prominent among these is the behavioral approach to reducing coronary risk this comprises not only transmission of information, but also practical training in the skills needed for adoption of a healthy lifestyle, and provision of opportunity to practice and reinforce these skills. To achieve successful lifestyle changes, patients must actively participate in the management of their disease. Evidence that favorable modification of coronary risk factors can not only limit progression of the disease but even induce regression of the underlying atherosclerosis has encouraged efforts of this area. This is particularly true for individuals with accelerated atherosclerosis, manifest as myocardial infarction or a requirement for myocardial revascularization procedures. The importance of the family - and often the workplace - in...

Series Preface

Global warming and global travel are among the factors resulting in the spread of such infectious diseases as malaria, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, and HIV. All these are not well controlled by the present drug regimes. Antibiotics, too, are failing because of bacterial resistance. Formerly less well-known tropical diseases are reaching new shores. A whole range of illnesses, for example cancer, occurs worldwide. Advances in molecular biology, including methods of in vitro testing for a required medical activity, give new opportunities to draw judiciously upon the use and research of traditional herbal remedies from around the world. The re-examining of the herbal medicines must be done in a multidisciplinary manner. Since 1997, 42 volumes have been published in the book series Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Industrial Profiles. The series continues and is characterised by a single plant genus per volume. With the same series editor, this new series, Traditional Herbal Medicines for...

Clinical Trials

In the setting of a poor functional age, serious comor-bid medical conditions, and particularly patient preference, less intensive chemotherapy or aggressive supportive care may be more appropriate treatment options. Drugs such as hydroxyurea (generally given in doses of 500-3000 mg day, adjusted to the degree of leukocytosis and or treatment-related thrombocytopenia) and low-dose ara-C (at a dose of 10 mg m2) are well tolerated and will reduce leukocytosis for a period of time, though neither will impact survival.96 We use the phrase aggressive supportive care to emphasize that symptoms will be treated vigorously and to distinguish this modality from hospice. Blood and platelet transfusions should be administered to alleviate symptoms stemming from anemia and thrombocytopenia, and antibiotics initiated when appropriate. In addition, integrative therapies such as Reike, therapeutic touch, and herbal medicines may be used by the willing patient. These latter interventions often can be...

Case

A 48-year-old G3 P3 woman complains of a 2-yr history of loss of urine four to five times each day, typically occurring 2 to 3 sec after coughing, sneezing, or lifting. In addition, she notes dysuria and the urge to void during these episodes. These events cause her embarrassment and interfere with her daily activities. The patient is otherwise in good health. A urine culture performed 1 month previously was negative. On examination, she is slightly obese. Her blood pressure is 130 80, heart rate 80 bpm, and temperature 99 F. Breast examination is normal without masses. Her heart has a regular rate and rhythm without murmurs. Abdominal examination reveals no masses or tenderness. A midstream voided urinalysis is unremarkable.

Introduction

There is growing awareness that carotenoids may have an important role in the maintenance and promotion of good health and in the prevention of chronic disease (1). Much of this evidence derives from physiology studies that investigate carotenoid function in the tissues of interest or from epidemiological studies that relate various measures of carotenoid levels with disease status. The physiology studies normally employ quantitative analytical methods such as organic solvent extraction followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis to determine levels with high sensitivity and specificity, but they are invasive assessments requiring tissue biopsies or autopsy materials. Epidemiological studies generally rely on three means of assessment dietary histories, serum carotenoid levels, and adipose carotenoid measurements but these methodologies have many inherent weaknesses. Dietary assessment is an inexact science because it either relies on long-term subject recall...

Longevity Research

Possibilities for foiling obsolescence are studied by longevity researchers, and their efforts to push the envelope of life-expectancy outward to its limit have been rewarded. Good health care, especially during one's youth, sufficient nutrition, adequate rest, and time to recuperate from exertion, injury, and abuse have already added years to the average human life-expectancy. One can also buy one or another commodity or service or not buy other

Conclusions

In the preprotease era, the presence of hepatitis virus infection was not viewed with concern, but now that the healthy life-span of these patients has increased substantially, many patients with concurrent hepatitis C will die of liver disease before succumbing to the effects of HIV. Realistic expectations of long-term survival with HIV disease, especially with early diagnosis and combination antiretroviral therapy, demands consideration of therapy for concurrent chronic viral hepatitis, especially given the large population at risk. The presence of HCV infection not only affects the health status of HIV-infection patients, leading to enhanced risk of mortality and mortality, but the accompanying elevation of liver-associated enzymes limits use of many medications useful in the treatment of HIV disease, because of the threat of worsened liver disease. Research in the past 5 yr has yielded new agents with greater efficacy, greater ease of use, and a lower incidence of adverse events...

Considerations

This 49-year-old woman had been in good health until recently, when she noted increasing abdominal swelling and discomfort, indicative of ascites. The physical examination is consistent with ascites with the fluid wave and shifting dullness. Her icteric suggests the liver as the etiology of the ascites. Her laboratory studies are significant for hypoalbuminemia and coagulopathy (prolonged prothrombin time), indicating probable impaired hepatic synthetic function and advanced liver disease. She does have prior exposures, most notably a blood transfusion, which put her at risk for hepatitis viruses, especially hepatitis C. Currently, she also has a low-grade fever and mild abdominal tenderness, both signs of infection. Bacterial infection of the ascitic fluid must be considered, because untreated cases have a high mortality.

The Complex Brain

An electroencephalogram (EEG) is obtained by making electrical measurements on the scalp. The EEG is one of the most important sources of information about the activity of the brain and, not surprisingly, it has frequently been subjected to chaos analysis. The chaotic dimensionality of the EEG varies in different conditions, pathological and normal. For example, the EEG recordings of epileptic patients have been compared during a seizure and during a period of normal brain activity. The EEG has a dimensionality of about 4.5 in normal individuals, but this changes depending on the state, including the mental state, of the person. In epileptics the dimensionality is generally lower, around 4.14 During a seizure it falls further, to about 3.5.15 The finding is consistent with a simpler and less chaotic brain state in epilepsy as indicated by the lowered correlation dimension. Again, chaos is a sign of healthy functioning. Again, too, the conclusion is somewhat surprising, since people...

Assistant 18301836

The unifying assumption in Newton's essay is that an Edenic fare of fruits and vegetables was created for human consumption and is essential for a full and healthy life span. After the Fall and the discovery of fire, however, humans increasingly partook of cooked meat. The die was cast Thirst, the necessary concomitant of a flesh diet, ensued water often polluted was resorted to, and man forfeited the inestimable The recommended breakfast consisted of dried fruits, whether raisins, figs, or plums, with toasted bread or biscuits preferably without butter , and weak tea, always made of distilled water, with a moderate portion of milk in it.5 For children the tea was replaced by diluted milk. A typical dinner was potatoes, with some other vegetables, according as they happen to be in season in a sauce of Portuguese onions and walnut pickle macaroni a tart, or a pudding, with as few eggs in it as possible to this is sometimes added a dessert. As to drinking, Newton cautioned that we are...

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are recommended in each meal of the day. Foods containing carbohydrates from whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat milk should be included in the diet. Like the general population, patients with diabetes are encouraged to consume fiber-containing foods (such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables) because they provide vitamins, minerals, fiber, and other substances important for good health. However, there is no reason to advise people with diabetes to consume a greater amount of fiber than non-diabetic individuals.

Target Populations

To enable patients to follow their cardioprotective diet, and generally speaking for the good health of their employees, firms should train their chefs to prepare a well-balanced diet, and offer meals in line with the above recommendations. Studies evaluating the feasibility and the medico-economical consequences of this concept are to our knowledge not available.

Utility Measures

Ment as a side-effect with a pharmacological intervention which will extend life by 3 years with minimal side-effects. The main way in which this has been done is to calculate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). QALYs are an estimation of the number of life years gained (or lost) because of illness or health intervention multiplied by the change in the HRQoL of those treated. QALYs are calculated from population rather than individual data. HRQoL is rated from 1.0 (best possible life) to 0.0 (dead). Thus a treatment which lengthened life by 5 years and restored or maintained a person in perfect health (5 x 1.0 5.0) would provide a health system gain of 5.0 QALYs. The cost per QALY can be calculated from the cost of the treatment in a traditional health economic calculation. Different treatments can thus be compared for the cost per QALY of the treatment. Comparisons can be done concerning the same patients, for example the cost of treating cardiac patients by medication, angioplasty...

Why Am I Doing This

In the next section, we focus on work directly linking motivational constructs to healthy functioning. Much of this work has grown out of concern over particular motivational problems like test anxiety and learned helpless. We discuss this work first. More recently, researchers have been studying the link between motivational constructs and mental health directly. We discuss this work second.

Dietary Intake

Self-sufficient, not self-sufficient and institutionalised 30 . Besides, nutritional examination in a selected healthy elderly population would not show variations in dietary patterns in fact, they try to maintain the food habits because of a reduction of the adaptation capacity with age 31 . Elderly people's associations with food are more emotional than those of younger adults for some, food intake is the main event in the course of the day, often providing the only possibility of social contact 31 . The elderly have repeatedly been told that good food means good health 31 . So, the elderly may eat simply because they know they have to, even if they do not feel like eating, or they may eat because the food is delivered and throwing it away would be wasteful 32 .

The Salerno Regimen

The new universities fed the early medieval 'Romanesque' enthusiasm for literacy, culture, and self-improvement. The message of the health-conscious regimen was strongly promoted by the new university-trained medici, supported by Romano-Islamic classical scholarship such as that of the comprehensive, easy-to-memorize, four-volume Canon of Medicine by Ibn Sina (Avicenna 980-1037). The physicians were eager to get classical preventive medicine on board alongside their other 'cures', and profited well from it their personally tailored regimens and consilia (letters of advice) were available to anyone who could afford them. Throughout Europe there were growing numbers of manuscript tracts and volumes for general readers on all subjects religious and secular and roughly 3 to 4 per cent of these were medical works.16 Evidently one had to be 'wise in science' at court. Encyclopedic 'books of secrets' (such as the famous Aristotle's Secrets) could be read or memorized in short bursts, as well...

The Private Parts

'The cleanliness of the rest of your person, which, by the way, will conduce greatly to your health, I refer from time to time to the bagnio,' remarked Chesterfield casually, but not urgently.9 He might have known better than to send his son to France with that advice or perhaps he assumed that French aristocratic males merely looked on while their womenfolk bathed and sluiced. In France the aristocratic tendre for cosmetic cleanliness that had developed during the seventeenth century had reached a new peak of perfection by the eighteenth century. It had virtually become a symbol of their class. The cultic aspects of the boudoir came from the French royal ritual of the levee, the morning toilette conducted in the royal bedroom suite with an audience of kin, intimate friends, and favoured counsellors, an old custom of monarchs that had been perfected by Louis XIV, and which spread throughout the French nobility a new and highly favoured grooming pleasure zone, full of objets d'art.10...

Annexins And Cancer

The ubiquitous expression of annexins means that they are superficially unattractive targets for drug development. Recently however it has been shown that Withaferin A, a steroidal lactone derived from Indian Ginseng which has been widely used in traditional Indian medicine, specifically binds to annexin 2 and has dramatic effects on cancer cell lines by modifying their actin cytoskeleton (Falsey et al., 2006). It is cytotoxic to cancer cell lines and is thought to alter the actin binding properties of annexin 2. Derivatives of this compound are finding uses as markers for angiogenesis and the compound itself has potent anti-angiogenic properties (Yokota et al., 2006 Mohan et al., 2004). This is congruent with the observation that the annexin 2 knockout mouse is incapable of pathological neo-angiogenesis, and with the proposed role of annexin 2 in the migration of new blood vessels (via tissue plasminogen activator, plasminogen and matrix metallo-proteinases MMPs) (Ling et al., 2004).

Another Useful Test

Overall, Myriad characterized BRCA testing as an unprecedented technology that could improve the lives and health care of women and was distinct from other risk-assessment services that had previously been available. Furthermore, it could be offered without specialist care or counseling, because the laboratory analysis itself identified specific risks and could trigger certain treatment recommendations. As the company promoted its novel technology, which identified new risks and disease and could also direct clients to new treatments, it also articulated a specific definition of a good health outcome to identify and treat mutation-positive individuals. The company argued that this identification process was useful not only because knowing one's mutation status would provide peace of mind but also because a variety of clinical management options were available for this newly identified class of at-risk individuals. As we will see, however, this goal was quite different from the one...

Conclusion

Although herbal medicines are thought to be safe drugs, a complicating factor, which has caused physicians and patients to lose confidence in the safety of Sho-saiko-to, is the development of severe interstitial pneumonia associated with its use, particularly when it is used in combination with interferon (IFN) in treating some Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C. Interstitial pneumonia is also induced by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), whereas Sho-saiko-to induced G-CSF production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with chronic hepatitis C (Yamashiki et al., 1997a). These findings suggest that Sho-saiko-to, when used in combination with IFN, may be a cause of interstitial pneumonia.

SF36v1 Acute

Your Health and Well-Being This survey asks for your views about your health. This information will help keep track of how you feel and how welt you are able to do your usual activities. Thank you for completing this survey In general, would you say your health is 2. Compared to one week ago, how woutd you rate your health in general now 3, The following items are about activities you might do during a typical day. Does your health now limit vou in these activities If so, how much

Outcome Measures

Of disease-free years divided by the equivalent number of years in the current diseased state. The utility value will range from 0 (worst possible health or death) to 1 (perfect health). Clinical outcomes were then adjusted in the form of the QALY as a product of the actual life expectancy multiplied by the patient health utility.

SF36v2 Standard

Your Health and Weil-Being This survey asks for your views about your health. This information will help keep track of how you feel and how well you are able to do your usual activities. Thank you for completing this survey In general, would you say your health Jsi 2. Compared to one year ago, how would you rate your health in general now

SF36v2 Acute

Your Health and Well-Being This survey asks for your views about your health. This information will help keep track of how you feel and how well you are able to do your usual activities. Thank you for completing this survey 1. In general, would you say your health is 2, Compared to one week ago, how would you rate your health in general now

Basic Outcome Report

The basic report consists of an individual patient assessment form and an annual service assessment form. The patient document can act both as direct outcome feedback to the participant and as a base for onward referral after completion of the program. This form should contain a progress report, a summary of the patient's risk factor status, ongoing treatment, and recommendations for a heart-healthy lifestyle.

Whitehead

A functional drink can be defined as one that offers the consumer additional perceived benefits besides its primary function, which is hydration - the maintenance of body fluid at a suitable level. The benefits are usually directed towards some aspect of maintaining good health or coping with the pressures of modern lifestyles. A range of functional ingredients, including herbal extracts, is available to the formulator of functional drinks.

Leland Clark

Leland Clark stimulated medical interest in PFCs with his dramatic demonstration that mice submerged in oxygenated liquid PFC could derive their entire physiologic oxygen requirements via the PFC in their lungs (Clark and Gollan, 1966). Neat PFCs must not be injected into the circulation, for they are immiscible in the blood and become emboli that can cause fatal vascular obstructions. Within a year of Clark's publication, Henry Sloviter reported that PFCs could be emulsified with serum albumin to be compatible with plasma upon intravenous injection (Sloviter and Kamimoto, 1967). Using this emulsion, he was able to extend the electrical activity of isolated rat brains much longer than with perfusion with rat RBCs. The following year, Robert Geyer reported on exchange transfusions of rat blood with an emulsion made of perfluorotributylamine, the surfactant Pluronic F-68 and physiologic salts. Animals survived on this PFC emulsion at high oxygen tensions until sufficient RBC...

Immunizations

Healthy Lifestyle Along with the discussion of screening and promotion of tobacco cessation and prevention of alcohol misuse, other aspects of healthy living should be promoted by physicians. Exercise has been consistently shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and overall mortality. Even exercise of moderate amounts, such as walking for 30 minutes a day, has a positive effect on health. The benefits increase with increasing the amount of exercise performed. Studies performed on counseling physically inactive persons to exercise have shown inconsistent results. However, the benefits of exercise are clear and should be promoted. Counseling to promote a healthy diet in persons with hyperlipidemia. other risk factors for cardiovascular disease, or other conditions related to diet is beneficial. Intensive counseling by physicians or, when appropriate, referral to dietary counselors or nutritionists, can improve health outcomes. In selected patients,...

Clinical Pearl

Medications A list of medications, dosage, route of administration and frequency, and duration of use should be developed. Prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal remedies are all relevant. If the patient is currently taking antibiotics, it is important to note what type of infection is being treated.

Modern Well Being

In the 1960s and 1970s naturism and wealth coincided on the warm and sunny Pacific coast of California, and produced a luxurious 'New Age' theology of body culture that ultimately became the 'well-being sector'. 'Hippie' teenagers who grew up in the 1970s and 1980s formed the core group of affluent health enthusiasts who rediscovered multicultural medicine in the 1980s and 1990s and in the United States, where personal health insurance was expensive or simply not affordable, and individual preventive health care strategies were even more essential, New Age holism was rapidly adopted and massmarketed as a new moral 'wellness' crusade 'Your health is your responsibility don't just sit there, do something,' as one American best-seller energetically put it.45

Neurasthenia

The controversy raised by neurasthenia was remarkably similar to that of the 1980s' 'yuppie flu' debate. Despite affirming that there were no physical signs of the disorder and that neurasthenia was compatible with the appearance of good health, Beard was adamant about the organic nature of the condition. He observed that the illness was most prevalent in the upper echelons of the community and concluded that neurasthenia was a physical response to the demands of industrialised society. In his

Benefits And Risks

In any case we all have eventually to die of something and, even after excessive practising of all the advice on how to live a healthy life, the likelihood that the mode of death for most of us will be free from pain, anxiety, cough, diarrhoea, paralysis (the list is endless) seems so small that it can be disregarded. Drugs already provide immeasurable solace in these situations, but better drugs are needed and their development should be encouraged.

Herbal Healing For Everyone

Herbal Healing For Everyone

Disease isn't complicated it's really very easy and the application of good sense techniques may defeat any disease. All microbes and viruses are weak and may be defeated easily with cleaning and nutrition.

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