Digfast A Mnemonic for Mania

DIGFAST is a mnemonic aid for the following concepts Distractibility An inability to maintain one's concentration, as opposed to the decreased concentration of depression, where one is unable to initiate concentration. In mania, this leads to the initiation of multiple tasks, none of which are finished. Insomnia A decreased need for sleep, as opposed to the decreased sleep of depressive insomnia. The patient sleeps less, but has intact or increased energy the next day. Alternatively, there is...

Brain Energy Metabolism In Bipolar Depression

Bipolar disorder as manifested by its opposite poles of depression and mania is characterized by decreased or increased motoric and mental energy expenditure. Does such a unique presentation suggest altered states of brain energy metabolism in this disorder Although the brain makes up about 2 of our total body weight, it consumes about 20 and 25 of total body dioxide and glucose, respectively. Neural activity is dependent upon energy metabolism mainly for the active transport of ions and other...