Importance of the Urine pH to Avoid Kidney Stone Formation

And Uric Acid

All the water-soluble waste products and all the ions and water ingested in excess of needs must be excreted in the urine without forming precipitates. One of the most important renal physiological functions is to excrete urine with a composition that makes ions and organic materials sufficiently soluble to avoid kidney stone formation. Key to this aim is to have independent regulation of the urine pH -select a value that is close to 6.0 to achieve this aim 45 Figure 10 . Excreting urine at...

Specific Causes of Hypokalemia

Gitelman Liddle And Bartter Syndrome

A summary of the causes of hypokalemia is provided in Table 4 and Figure 11. We shall comment only briefly on some of these disorders, either because they are common or because new strides have been made in understanding their pathophysiology. Very low Mg2 diet Bartter's Mg malabsorption syndrome Drugs e.g., cisplatin, Gitelman's aminoglycosides syndrome Very low Mg2 diet Bartter's Mg malabsorption syndrome Drugs e.g., cisplatin, Gitelman's aminoglycosides syndrome Figure 10. Differential...