Introduction

Fig. 5.7oa,b. Before and after treatment with BNT-A for reducing dynamic cheek lines. The result should always be natural and should never impair muscle function

Table 5.9. Overview of the muscles indirectly responsible for influencing the cheek area

Muscle Action

Synergists

Antagonists

M. orbicularis oculi Orbital part: voluntary

M. corrugator supercilii

M. levator palpebrae

eyelid closure and crow's

and m. procerus

superioris: for closing the

feet formation. The

eyelids

downward extension fi-

M. frontalis: protrusion

bers reach the cheek area.

of the eyebrows

M. depressor anguli oris Depresses the modio

Platysma pars modiolus

M. levator anguli oris and

lus and the angle of the

and m. depressor labii

m. zygomaticus major

mouth and may produce

inferioris

wrinkling in the lower

cheek

Platysma Anterior fibers: assist

M. depressor anguli oris

M. levator anguli oris

mandibular depression

Intermediate fibers: pars

labialis - depress the

lower lip

Posterior fibers: pars

modiolaris - depress the

buccal angle

As it is a potent depres-

sor, it may also influence

cheek wrinkling

Fig. 5.7oa,b. Before and after treatment with BNT-A for reducing dynamic cheek lines. The result should always be natural and should never impair muscle function

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