Monte Carlo Simulation

Using data from the 1000 Monte Carlo replicates, the mean Standard Deviation (SD) and median incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were US $2769/LYS (US $20,164) and US $1784/LYS, respectively, for RS-guided therapy compared to tamoxifen alone and US $3856/LYS (US $23,106) and US $4198 for chemotherapy plus tamoxifen compared to RS-guided therapy. As shown in Figure 4A, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for the relationship between RS-guided therapy and tamoxifen alone are primarily represented by an increase in LYS while simultaneously associated with an increase in cost. As shown in Figure 4B, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for the relationship between RS-guided therapy and the chemotherapy plus tamoxifen strategy demonstrate that the RS-guided therapy reduces estimated total treatment costs in 70% of the randomly drawn samples in Monte Carlo analysis with and an overall benefit in terms of life expectancy.

How to Stay Young

How to Stay Young

For centuries, ever since the legendary Ponce de Leon went searching for the elusive Fountain of Youth, people have been looking for ways to slow down the aging process. Medical science has made great strides in keeping people alive longer by preventing and curing disease, and helping people to live healthier lives. Average life expectancy keeps increasing, and most of us can look forward to the chance to live much longer lives than our ancestors.

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