Skin Cancer

This is the most common type of cancer in North America, with 1 million cases being diagnosed each year. The table on page 3 shows data only for melanoma. Nearly half of the North American population will develop some form of skin cancer by age 65. Although anyone can get skin cancer, the risk is greatest for people who have fair skin that freckles easily, often those with red or blond hair and blue or light-colored eyes. ANATOMY The skin protects us against heat, light, injury, and infection....

Chemotherapy

Certain drugs may be used to kill or inhibit the growth of cancer cells. The nature of a drug varies depending on the type of cancer, its location in the body, the effect it has on normal body functions, and the overall health of the patient. In general, cancer drugs damage DNA, block the synthesis of DNA and RNA, or damage the mitotic spindle. Cancer drugs can also interfere with normal physiology by blocking steroid hormone receptors that stimulate cancer cell growth. DRUGS THAT TARGET DNA...