Frequency of Smoking in Men and Women in 2002

According to data from the World Health Organization for the year 2002,3 the frequency of smoking in men and women depicts a large variability internationally. Table 27-1 shows for men a range from 67% in China to 19% in Sweden and for women a range from 31% in Germany to 1% in Saudi Arabia. Germany belongs to the countries with the highest percentage of smokers in the world. In the age group 30-39 years about 50% of men and more than 40% of women are smokers.

In developed countries we see strong associations between indicators of social status (class) and the frequency of smoking.4 Data from the MONICA Augsburg survey in 1994/95 in men and women, aged 25-74 years, also show strong associations between years of education and cigarette consumption. The higher the number of years of education the lower the percentage of smokers. This finding was true for men of all age groups (25-74 years) and for women of younger age groups (25-44 years).5

□ Infections and parasitic

□ Maternal and perinatal

□ Nutritional deficiency

□ Vascular Cancer

I Chronic respiratory E3 Neuropsychiatric

□ Other-noncommunicable

□ Intentional injury

□ Unintentional injury

□ Infections and parasitic

□ Maternal and perinatal

□ Nutritional deficiency

□ Vascular Cancer

I Chronic respiratory E3 Neuropsychiatric

□ Other-noncommunicable

□ Intentional injury

□ Unintentional injury

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