Psychiatric Comorbidity

Smokers more often suffer from psychiatric diseases, namely depression, anxiety disorder and schizophrenia, than do non-smokers. At least 70-90% of all schizophrenia patients smoke.15 There is a clear connection between smoking and depression and anxiety disorders. On the one hand, depression makes smoking lead to nicotine addiction more easily and, on the other hand, smoking promotes the development of depression. The same holds for anxiety and panic disorders. Smoking cessation can cause a temporary aggravation of the depression or anxiety.15

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