References

1. Ruiz-Arguelles GJ, Cantu-Rodriquez OG, Gomez-Almaguer F, et al.: Hairy cell leukemia is infrequent in Mexico and has a geographic distribution. Am JHematol 52(4):316-318, 1995 Aug.

2. Staines A, Cartwright RA: Hairy cell leukemia: Descriptive epidemiology and a case study. Br J Hematol 85(4):714-717, 1993 Dec.

3. Au WY, Kwong YL, Ma SK, et al.: Hairy cell leukemia in Hong Kong Chinese: a 12-year retrospective survey. Hematol Oncol 18(4):155-159, 2000 Dec.

4. Kristinsson Sy, Vidarsson B, Agnarsson BA, et al.: Epidemiology of hairy cell leukemia in Iceland. Hematol J 3(3):145-147, 2002.

5. Bernstein L, Newton P, Ross RK: Epidemiology of hairy cell leukemia in Los Angeles County. Cancer Res 50(12):3605-3609, 1990 June 15.

6. Gramatovici M, Bennett JM, Hiscock JG, Grewal KS: Three cases of familial hairy cell leukemia. Am J Hematol 42(4):337-339, April 1993.

7. Cetiner M, Adiguzel C, Argon D, et al.: Hairy cell leukemia in father and son. Med Oncol 20(4):375-378, 2003 Jan.

8. Flinn IW, Kopecky Kj, Foucar MK, et al.: Long-term follow-up of remission duration, mortality, and second malignancies in hairy cell leukemia patients treated with pentostatin. Blood 96(9):2981-2986, 2000 Nov.

9. Hardell L, Eriksson M, Nordstrom M: Exposure to pesticides as risk factor for Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and hairy cell leukemia: Pooled analysis of two Swedish case-control studies. Leukemia Lymphoma 43(5):1043-1049, 2002 May.

10. Clavel J, Hemon D, Mandereau L, et al.: Farming, pesticide use and hairy-cell leukemia. Scand J Work Environ Health 22(4):285-293, 1996 Aug.

11. Nordstrom M, Hardell L, Magnuson A, et al.: Occupational exposures, animal exposure and smoking as risk factors for hairy cell leukaemia evaluated in a case-control study. Br J Cancer 77(11):2048-2052, 1998 June.

12. Flandrin G, Collado S: Is male predominance in hairy cell leukaemia related to occupational exposure to ionizing radiation, benzene and other solvents? Br J Haematol 67:119-120, 1987.

13. Oleske D, Golomb HM, Farber MD,et al.:A case-control inquiry into the etiology of hairy cell leukemia. Am J Epidemiol 121:675-683, 1985.

wide consensus document on the classification of lymphoma/leukemia.

Classically, three immunophenotypic variants are described. All hairy cells express the pan-B-cell antigens CD19 and CD20. They are negative for CD5, CD10, and CD23. The classic variant coexpresses CD11c, CD25, and CD103. The variant group accounts for 10% of hairy cell cases and expresses CD11c, but not CD25. Expression of CD103 is variable. The survival of the variant form seems to be inferior to the classic type, most likely due to chemoresistance. The Japanese variant is CD11c positive, and occasionally CD103 positive, but CD25 negative.29-32

14. Staines A, Cartwright RA: Hairy cell leukaemia: descriptive epidemiology and a case-control study. Br J Haematol 85:714-717, 1993.

15. Clavel J, Mandereau L, Cordier S, et al.: Hairy cell leukaemia, occupation, and smoking. Br J Haematol 91(1):154-161, 1995 Sept.

16. Nordstrom M, Hardell L, Lindstrom G, et al.: Concentrations of organochlorines related to titers to Epstein-Barr virus early antigen IgG as risk factors for hairy cell leukemia. Environ Health Perspec 108(5): 441-415, 2000 May.

17. Nordstrom M, Hardell L, Fredrikson M: Previous medical history and medications as risk factors for hairy cell leukaemia. Oncol Rep 6(2):415-419, 1999 Mar-Apr.

18. Seymour JF, Talpaz M, Kurzrock R: Response duration and recovery of CD4+ lymphocytes following deoxyco-formycin I interferon-alpha-resistant hairy cell leukemia; 7-year followup. Leukemia 11:42-47, 1997.

19. Seymour JF, Kurzrock R, Freireich EJ, et al.: 2-Chloro-deoxyadenosine induces durable remissions and prolonged suppression of CD4+ lymphocyte counts in patients with hairy cell leukemia. Blood 83:2906-2911, 1994.

20. Cheson B, Vena DA, Barrett J, Freidlin B: Second malignancies as a consequence of Nucleoside Analog therapy for chronic lymphoid leukemias. J Clin Oncol 17(8): 2454-2460, 1999 Aug.

21. Au WY, Klasa RJ, Gallagher R, et al.: Second malignancies in patients with hairy cell leukemia in British Columbia; a 20-year experience. Blood 92(4):1160-1164, 1998 Aug.

22. Azagury M: Development of hairy cell leukemia in a patient treated with cytoreductive agents for essential thrombocythemia. Leukemia Lymphoma 44(6):1067-1069, 2003 June.

23. Kelly NP: Hairy cell leukemia variant developing in a background of polycythemia vera. Archives Pathol Lab Med 127(4):209-211, 2003 Apr.

24. Zhang HG: Aging, immunity, and tumor susceptibility. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 23(1):83-102, 2003 Feb.

25. Seymour JF, Estey EH, Keating MJ, et al.: Response to interferon-alpha in patients with hairy cell leukemia relapsing after treatment with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine. Leukemia 9:929-932, 1995 May.

26. Saven A, Burian C, Koziol J, Piro L: Long-term follow-up of patients with hairy cell leukemia after cladribine treatment. Blood 92(6):1918-1926, 1998 Sept.

27. Federico M:Risk of second cancer in patients with hairy cell leukemia: long-term follow-up. J Clin Oncol 20(3):638-646,2002 Feb.

28. Kurzrock R: Second cancer risk in hairy cell leukemia: analysis of 350 patients. J Clin Oncol 15(5):1803-1819, 1997 May.

29. Wu Ml, Kwaan HCl, Goolsby Cl: Atypical hairy cell leukemia. Arch Pathol Lab Med 124(11):1710-1713, 2000 Nov.

30. Katayama I, Hirashima K, Maruyama K, et al.: Hairy cell leukemia in Japanese patients: a study with molecular antibodies. Leukemia 1(4):301-305, 1987 Apr.

31. Machii T, Tokumine Y, Inoue R, Kitani T.: Predominance of a distinct subtype of hairy cell leukemia in Japan. Leukemia 7(2):181-186, 1993 Feb.

32. Matutes E: The variant form of hairy-cell leukaemia. Best Prac Res Clin Hematol 16(1):41-56, 2003 Mar.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment