Residential exposure

In a report of all hematologic cancer cases in 489 towns within 30-km radius of Spain's seven nuclear power plants and five nuclear fuel facilities, cases of leukemia (n = 610), lymphoma (n = 198), and myeloma (n = 122) were matched to 477 control towns lying within a 50-100-km radius of each installation. Statistical testing revealed that with the exception of MM, none of the tumors studied showed evidence of a rise in risk with proximity to a nuclear installation.80 Taking all these data together, it appears that high-grade exposures were associated with risk of leukemia and possibly NHL, while prolonged low-grade exposure as seen in factory workers and in those living near nuclear facilities increases the risk of MM.

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