Low separation distress Long onset latency Quick recovery

Intense separation distress Brief onset latency Prolonged recovery

Figure 3.1 Patterns of attachment and distress: Reunion and separation behavior. Adapted from Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, and Wall (1978).

my own research. See Lyons-Ruth & Jacobvitz, 1999, for recent analysis of the disorganized attachment pattern.) Infants classified as insecure-avoidant (pattern A) explore with little reference to the mother, are minimally distressed by her departure and seem to ignore or avoid her on return. Infants classified as insecure-resistant (pattern C) fail to move away from mother and explore minimally. These infants are highly distressed by separations and are often difficult to settle on reunions.

Joy Of Modern Parenting Collection

Joy Of Modern Parenting Collection

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