B3c2

SEPARATION BEHAVIOR •

Low separation distress Long onset latency Quick recovery

Intense separation distress Brief onset latency Prolonged recovery

Figure 3.1 Patterns of attachment and distress: Reunion and separation behavior. Adapted from Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, and Wall (1978).

my own research. See Lyons-Ruth & Jacobvitz, 1999, for recent analysis of the disorganized attachment pattern.) Infants classified as insecure-avoidant (pattern A) explore with little reference to the mother, are minimally distressed by her departure and seem to ignore or avoid her on return. Infants classified as insecure-resistant (pattern C) fail to move away from mother and explore minimally. These infants are highly distressed by separations and are often difficult to settle on reunions.

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