Notes

1. It is, of course, recognized that there is also considerable diversity among traditional cultures. However, Schlegel & Barry (1991) make an effective case that patterns common to many of them can also be discerned, and that is the view taken in this chapter as well.

2. Father's education was examined in relation to all 40 of the criteria for the transition to adulthood, using correlations. There was only one significant correlation (p < .001): Those with relatively lower father's education were relatively more likely to indicate that a man should be capable of supporting a family financially in order to be considered an adult. Participant's own level of education was also examined in relation to the 40 criteria for the transition to adulthood, using correlations. There were two significant correlations (bothp < .01): Participants with relatively less education were more likely to indicate that a man should be capable of supporting a family financially and also that a woman should be capable of supporting a family financially, in order to be considered an adult.

3. It should be noted that "accepting responsibility for one's self" was coded only if the focus of the response was on responsibility for one's self as a general characteristic. Specific references to, for example, financial responsibilities or taking responsibility for children, or to any aspect of responsibility that concerned responsibility to or for others rather than for one's self, were coded according to the specific context mentioned rather than for "responsibility."

4. Gender differences on the questionnaire were examined for each of the 38 items, using the SPSSPC cross tabulations procedure. There were only two significant differences out of the 38 items, both at p < .05, which is no more than would be expected by chance in the course of 38 analyses.

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