Structure

Although children need sustenance, stimulation, and support for optimal growth and development, there also is evidence that the relation between these inputs and either growth or development is not constant. Receiving equal amounts of these inputs does not seem to result in equal amounts of "good" growth and development. The arrangement of inputs may be as crucial to development as the amount. In sum, optimal parenting consists not only in ensuring that sufficient amounts of stimulation, sustenance, and support reach a child, but also in configuring or structuring a child's encounters with those direct inputs so that "fit" is achieved (Wachs, 2000). According to the Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning, "Parents and others who care for children arrange their activities and facilitate learning by regulating the difficulty of the tasks" (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 2000, p. 103). What fits one child's needs may not be suitable at all for another child. A good example may be seen in the differential responsiveness of preterm infants and infants prenatally exposed to drugs. Such biologically vulnerable infants often are overwhelmed by levels of stimulation that are quite comfortable for normal babies (Friedman & Sigman, 1996).

Finding Your Confidence

Finding Your Confidence

Confidence is necessary to achieve success in life. Some effective confidence tips must be followed if you genuinely want to gain accomplishment in your work. So how do you build your confidence that will work for you in any situation? Initially, make an effort to spend time with confident people. Their vigor and strength is so stirring that you will surely feel yourself more powerful just by listening to their talk. To build confidence it is vital that you are in the midst of self-assuring people.

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