Table 181

"Working Definitions" of the 5Cs of Positive Youth Development

Definition

Competence

Confidence

Connection

Character

Caring and Compassion

Positive view of one's actions in domain specific areas including social, academic, cognitive, and vocational. Social competence pertains to interpersonal skills (e.g., conflict resolution). Cognitive competence pertains to cognitive abilities (e.g., decision making). School grades, attendance, and test scores are part of academic competence. Vocational competence involves work habits and career choice explorations.

An internal sense of overall positive self-worth and self-efficacy; one's global self-regard, as opposed to domain specific beliefs.

Positive bonds with people and institutions that are reflected in bidirectional exchanges between the individual and peers, family, school, and community in which both parties contribute to the relationship.

Respect for societal and cultural rules, possession of standards for correct behaviors, a sense of right and wrong (morality), and integrity.

A sense of sympathy and empathy for others.

Note. Derived from Lerner (2004) and Roth & Brooks Gunn (2003a).

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