Cognitive evaluation and pain

With regard to representations of illness and the self as being ill, Leventhal et al. (1984) have explored the kinds of schemata developed and the processes involved. They describe an information-processing system, involving active, parallel processing of information. They argue that there are stages in the processing and that it is hierarchical (Leventhal 1982 Leventhal and Mosbach 1983). From these processes the attributes of illness representations are created identity of the illness its...

The parasympathetic system

The parasympathetic nervous system is also controlled by the hypothalamus and is related to the activity of the pituitary-adrenal system. However, it is concerned with maintenance activity within the body. Thus digestion is aided by the production of saliva and the digestive enzymes, and peristalsis is maintained. The heart rate is reduced and the respiratory system also decreases in activity. The tissue-repair processes are stimulated and sugars are converted to fats and stored. The body...