Conclusion Of Cinnamon

The broad spectrum of pharmacological actions of cinnamon cortex and cinnamon oil, together with its use as a spice, makes it a wonder plant. In the Indian and Chinese systems of traditional medicine cinnamon is used in many therapeutic formulations as a stimulant, a tonic, and in the relief of rheumatic disorders, of stomach disorders, of diabetes, etc. But in these systems an active principle-based pharmacological activity is not considered as the basis of therapeutics. Therefore,...

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Cinnamon taken in hot rum gives relief from the common cold. 2. Ground cinnamon added to hot milk or stirred into a mixture of lemon juice, honey and hot water and taken at bedtime lessens the miserable effect of the common cold. 3. A tablespoon of cinnamon water taken half an hour after meals is effective against flatulence and indigestion. 4. A paste of cinnamon powder in water, applied to the forehead, is effective against headache. 5. Coarsely powdered cinnamon boiled in a glass of water...

Introduction

In the following text the term cinnamon is used to mean both Ceylon cinnamon and Chinese cinnamon or Cassia cinnamon. The medicinal and aromatic properties of cinnamon are used in the traditional medicines of India and China. Cinnamon bark and cinnamon oil have also been used as food additives, condiments and flavouring agents due to their carminative, antioxidant and preservative actions. In the Ayurveda and Sidha medical systems, cinnamon bark, twigs, leaves and oil are used as ingredients of...

Properties and Uses

Camphor has been indicated for the treatment of a variety of illnesses and afflictions in Chinese, Japanese and Indian systems of medicines. The varied medicinal uses to which oil is put to use are summarised below. Camphor possesses stimulant, carminative, and aphrodisiac properties, and is widely used in traditional medicine, both externally and internally. Its primary action is that of a diffusible stimulant and diaphoretic its secondary action is that of a sedative, anodyne, and...

Chinese Cassia

Cinnamon Bark Microscopy

Cinnamon and Cassia are among the oldest spices reaching ancient Egypt, reportedly by the seventeenth century B.C. But it seems that the bark that was entering the cinnamon trade in ancient times was of different botanical origin. Probably the Greek and Romans had used both cinnamon and cassia, but the Arab traders who dominated and controlled the spices trade shrouded the sources in mystery. Cinnamon and cassia were among the spices sought after by most fifteenth- and sixteenth-century...

Conclusion

Spices like pepper and cinnamon tempted explorers such as Vasco-da-Gama to sail round the storm tossed Cape of Good Hope in search of a new spice route to the spice lands of the east when the Ottoman Turks closed Constantinople to trade in 1453. It was indeed the same quest that made Columbus sail westwards to the unknown seas, when he discovered America. Cinnamon was the rich bride Helen for whom the Netherlands and Portuguese had for so many years contended Ratwatte, 1991 . It was precious...

Thin Walled Oil Cells In Cinnamomum Bark

Cinnamomum Tamala Microscopic Structure

Oil oil cells muc mucilage cells p palisade parenchyma s spongy parenchyma absent 1 S0.1 cell mm leaf width 2 0.1 1 cell mm 3 1 2 cells mm 4 2 5 cells mm 5 5 10 cells mm p present. t lamina thickness 1 100 200 xm 2 200 300 xm 3 gt 300 xm cu adaxial cuticle thickness 1 lt 3 fxm 2 3 8 fxm cp adaxial epidermis thickness not sclerified slightly sclerified moderately, distinctly sclerified strongly sclerified. p palisade parenchyma 1 unilayered not sclerified c upper layer with sclerified outer...

Cinnamon Distillery Unit

Hydrodistillation

The cleanliness and levels of dust, mould and other pathogenic organisms are important aspects of the production of cinnamon quills, quillings, featherings and chips. Consumers directly use them in most of the food formulations. It has been reported that compounds such as cinnamic aldehyde and eugenol found in them inhibit the growth of microorganisms Bullernan et al, 1977 . The general requirements for cinnamon bark are given in Table 5.1. Products Based on Cinnamon Bark and Leaf Cinnamon...

Microscopic Features Of Cinnamon Bark

Cinnamon Microscopy

Figure 2.10 Microscopical features of bark powder of C. verum. 1, 1a. Fibres. 2. Selereids. 3. Starch granules. 4. Cork in surface view. 5. Phloem parenchyma and oil cells oc . 6. Parts of medullary ray with some of the cells containing acicular crystals of calcium oxalate co and associated phloem parenchyma in tangential longitudinal section. 7. Calcium oxalate crystals. 8. Part of the fibre with an associated oil cell and phloem parenchyma. 9. Part of a group of fibres and selereids from the...

Paracytic Stomata

Anomocytic Stomata

C. camphora and in C. cassia while C. verum and C. malabatrum have a higher frequency. Guard cell dimensions do not show much variation among species except in C. camphora, in which the dimensions are higher than those in other species. Metcalfe and Chalk 1950 and Kasapligal 1951 were of the opinion that stomata in Lauraceae were paracytic Rubiaceous , i.e. that they remain surrounded by two subsidiary cells placed parallel to the pore. Pal 1974 reported that in C. camphora and C. zeylanicum C....

Sclereids Stone Cells In Cinnamon

Brachial Sclereids

Figure 2.7 Stomatal development in C. verum. 1. A meristomoid m cutting off from the protoderm cell. 2. Enlarged and spherical meristomoid. 3 and 4. Vertical divisions of the meristomoid producing two guard cells. 5. Mature stomata in C. camphora. 6. Mature stomata in C. verum. Source Shylaja, 1984. that is still evolving, and some species may be evolutionarily more advanced. The conflicting reports on the type of stomata lead one to doubt whether both types exist in cinnamon. Leaf tissues of...