Info

(Z)-yS-ocomene

t

0-t

Source: Jirovetz et al, 1998. Notes

* correct isomer not identified; t = trace (<0.1%).

Source: Jirovetz et al, 1998. Notes

* correct isomer not identified; t = trace (<0.1%).

Table 3A.6 Composition of oil from cinnamon leaves from Calicut, India

(E)-2-hexenol (0.1%) (Z)-3-hexenol (0.1%) 1-Hexen-3-ol (0.1%) Hexanol (0.1%) a-Pinene (t)

(Z)-3-hexenyl acetate (0.1%) (E)-2-hexenyl acetate (0.1%) p-cymene (t) y8-phellandrene (t) (E)-yS-ocimene (t) 1,8-cineole (0.1%) Limonene (0.2%) cis-Linalool oxide* (0.1%) Terpinolene (0.1%) trans-Linalool oxide* (0.1%) Linalool (85.7%) Nonanol (0.3%)

Borneol (0.1%) Terpinen-4-ol (0.3%) a-Terpineol (1.1%) Dihydrocarveol (t) Linalyl acetate (0.1%) (E)-cinnamaldehyde (1.7%) Safrole (t)

(E)-cinnamyl alcohol (0.1%) Eugenol (3.1%) (E)-cinnamyl acetate (0.9%) (8-Caryophyllene (2.4%) a-Humulene (0.2%) Eugynyl acetate (0.1%) Caryophyllene oxide (0.1%) Spathulenol (0.2%)

Source: Jirovetz et al, 2001. Notes

Table 3A.7 Composition of cinnamon fruit oil

(E)-2-hexenal (t) Tricyclene a-Pinene (11.2%) Camphene (0.6%) ß-Pinene (9.2%) Myrcene (1.6%) a-Phellandrene (0.7%) a-Terpinene (0.2%) p-Cymene (0.1%) Limonene (2.8%) 1,8-Cineole (0.1%) (Z)-ß-ocimene (0.1%) (E)-ß-ocimene (0.2%) y-Terpinene (0.1%)

(E)-cinnamyl acetate (0.4%) ß-Caryophyllene (11.0%) (E)-ß-farnesene (0.8%) a-Humulene (2.2%) y-Muurolene (0.2%) Germacrene D (0.2%) a-Muurolene (6.1%) ô-Cadinene (7.1%) ô-Cadinene (13.1%) cis-Calaminnene (2.2) a-Cadinene (1.2%) Elemol (1.9%) (E)-nerolidol (0.1%) Isocaryophyllene oxide (0.2%)

Table 3A.7 (Continued)

Tepinolene (0.5%) Linalool (0.2%) a-Fenehyl alcohol (0.5%) Isoborneol (t) Borneol (0.5%) Terpinen-4-ol (0.1%) a-Terpineol (0.5%) Nerol (t) Geraniol (t)

Isobornyl acetate (0.1%) (Z)-cinnamyl acetate (0.1%) a-Copaene (2.1%) ß-Elemene (0.4%)

Spathulenol (0.8%) Caryophyllene oxide (0.4%) Globulol (0.4%) Humulene epoxide 1(0.5%) Humulene epoxide 11 (0.6%) 1-Epi-cubenol (0.1%) T-cadinol (0.2%) Cubenol (0.9%) a-Muurolol (9.8%) Selin-11-en-4a-ol (0.1%) a-Cadinol (3.1%)

4-Hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocalacorene* (0.2%) 4-Hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocalacorene* (0.1%)

Source: Mallavarapu and Ramesh, 2000. Notes

* correct isomer not identified; t = trace (<0.1%).

References

Jirovetz, L., Buchbaner, G., Ruzika, J., Shaft, M.P. and Rosamma, M.K. (2001). Analysis of

Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume leaf oil from South India. J. Essent. Oil res., 13, 442—443. Jirovetz, L., Buchbaner, G., Ngassoum, M.B. and Eberhardt, R. (1998) Analysis and quality control of the essential oil of the leaves of Cinnamomum zeylanicum from Cameroon. Ernahrung,

Koketsu, M., Goncalves, S.L., de Oliveira godoy, R.l., Lopes, D. and Morsbach, N. (1997) Oleos essenciais de cascas e folhas de Canela (Cinnamomum verum Presl.) cultivada no Paranai Ciene. Technol. Aliment., 17, 281-285 (cited from Lawrence, 2002). Lawrence, B.M. (2002) Progress in essential iols. Perfumer and Flav, 27, 48-69. Mallavarapu, G.R. and Ramesh, S. (2000) Essential oil of the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum

Blume. J. Essent. Oil Res., 12, 628-630. Vernin, G., Vernin, C., Metzger, J., Pujol, L. and Parkanyi, C. (1994) GC/MS analysis of cinnamon and cassia essential oils: A comparative study. In G. Charalambous (ed.) Spices, Herbs and Edible Fungi. Elseiver Science, B.V. Amsterdam, pp. 411-425.

Annex 3.3 The chemical structure of important constituents of cinnamon oil a-pinene 1

et camphene 2

Dipentene (dl - limonene) 4

D-citronellal 7a

P-cymene 5

P-cymene 5

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