Introduction

C. burmannii Nees — Indonesian cinnamon, Indonesian cassia, Java cassia, Fagot cassia, Padang cinnamon, Batavia cassia, Korintji cassia, cassia vera.

Indonesian cassia or Indonesian cinnamon is the dried bark of C. burmannii which is grown in the Malaysia-Indonesia regions and commercially cultivated in the Indonesian islands. It is grown most extensively in the Sumatera, Java and Jambi Islands and extends up to Timor, growing from sea level to about 2000 m. The main centre of cultivation is the Padang area of Sumatera, at altitudes of 500—1300 m. A variant of C. burmannii, which has red young leaves, is grown at a higher elevation in the region of Mount Korintji (Kerinci). This cassia is of better quality and is traded in the international market as Korintji (or Kerinci) cassia. The form having green young leaves is grown at lower elevations, and is referred to in the international market as Padang cassia, Batavia cassia or cassia vera. In a small scale it is also cultivated in Phillippines.

The main centres of cultivation are Jambi and west Sumatera, which have around 59,490 ha and 28,893 ha areas respectively, producing around 20,185 t and 18,525 t of cassia bark, respectively. In 1999 there was 123,979 ha of cassia cinnamon that produced 42,590 t of bark. Most of the cassia bark produced is exported and domestic consumption is very little. In 1998, Indonesia exported 36,202 t of cassia bark valued at US$31.7 million. The main importing countries are the USA, Germany and the Netherlands. Almost 85—90% of the product exported from Indonesia comes from west Sumatera.

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