Course and relations Cervical

In the neck it commences in the median plane and deviates slightly to the left as it approaches the thoracic inlet. The trachea and the thyroid gland are its immediate anterior relations, the 6th and 7th cervical vertebrae and pre-

Thoracic Trachea Relations
Fig. 35 The oesophagus and its relations.

vertebral fascia are behind it and on either side it is related to the common carotid arteries and the recurrent laryngeal nerves. On the left side it is also related to the subclavian artery and the terminal part of the thoracic duct

The thoracic part traverses first the superior and then the posterior mediastinum. From being somewhat over to the left, it returns to the midline at T5 then passes downwards, forwards and to the left to reach the oesophageal opening in the diaphragm (T10). For convenience, the relations of this part are given in sequence from above downwards.

Anteriorly, it is crossed by the trachea, the left bronchus (which constricts it), the pericardium (separating it from the left atrium) and the diaphragm.

Posteriorly lie the thoracic vertebrae, the thoracic duct, the azygos vein and its tributaries and, near the diaphragm, the descending aorta.

On the left side it is related to the left subclavian artery, the terminal part of the aortic arch, the left recurrent laryngeal nerve, the thoracic duct and the left pleura. In the posterior mediastinum it relates to the descending thoracic aorta before this passes posteriorly to the oesophagus above the diaphragm.

On the right side there is the pleura and the azygos vein. Below the root of the lung the vagi form a plexus on the oesophagus, the left vagus lying anteriorly, the right posteriorly.

In the abdomen, passing forwards through the opening in the right crus of the diaphragm, the oesophagus comes to lie in the oesophageal groove on the posterior surface of the left lobe of the liver, covered by peritoneum on its anterior and left aspects. Behind it is the left crus of the diaphragm.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Get Perfect Abs

How To Get Perfect Abs

The Complete Guide To How to Get Perfect Abs is Here. While other books gear you towards buying a product or a service, this book actually tells you exactly what you need to do to get the abs of your dreams. Getting a six pack and looking good is easier than ever if you follow the instructions in this book. This book does not just tell you what workout machines to use, but how to think, what to eat, what not to eat and how to exercise to get the six pack abs that you have longed for but never thought that you would get.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • jodi
    Which part of trachea in thoracic?
    8 years ago

Post a comment