Secondary Causes Of Hypertension

Renal Diseases

Parenchymal (glomerulonephritis, polycystic renal disease, diabetic nephropathy) Renovascular

Endocrine

Primary aldosteronism Cushing syndrome Pheochromocytoma Hyperthyroidism

Growth homione excess (acromegaly) Oral contraceptives

Miscellaneous

Coarctation of the aorta

Increased intravascular volume (posttransfusion) Hypercalcemia

Medications (sympathomimetics, glucocorticoids)

smoking, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity, kidney disease, and a family history of premature cardiovascular disease. Target organ damage of hypertension includes cardiomyopathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy. Although treatment decisions in the management of hypertension depend more upon the blood pressure level (modified perhaps in the presence of diabetes mellitus), the presence of other cardiovascular risk factors and/or evidence of target organ damage may further guide therapy and provide some prognostic information. A complete history and physical examination, including funduscopic examination, auscultation of the major arteries for bruits, palpation of the

Table 9-2

Diabetes Sustenance

Diabetes Sustenance

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Dealing With Diabetes The Healthy Way. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Learning How Nutritional Supplements Can Control Sugar Levels.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment