Hepatorenal syndrome

This occurs in patients with profound liver disease. The exact mechanism for renal injury is not known. Intrinsic renal pathology

Hypertensive nephropathy, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory nephropathy, diabetic Kimmelstiel-Wilson nephropathy, etc. predispose an individual patient to increased incidence of renal failure postoperatively.

Post-renal factors

This involves problems with the distal output. The most common cause for this condition is obstruction at the level of the bladder or bladder outlet. Benign prostatic hypertrophy is a common cause as is an obstruction of the Foley catheter due to clots or debris.

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