Left Atrialfemoral Bypass

Left atrial femoral bypass is partial bypass in which there is no oxygenator involved. Left atrial flow is transmitted through a centrifugal pump to the femoral artery (Fig. 3.4). It is used in conditions where there is a need for spinal protection below the level of the cross-clamp, and this may include descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal operations in a similar way that femoral-femoral bypass is utilized.

Fig. 3.3. Femoral-femoral bypass.

Fem Fem Bypass Subcutaneous Fat

FEM-FEM BYPASS

FEM-FEM BYPASS

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