Invasive monitoring of systemic and pulmonary artery pressures as well as cardiac output remain standard for cardiac anesthesia. However, over the past few years other monitoring devices have been developed which are now used extensively during open heart procedures. These include: 1) mixed venous oxygen saturation and right ejection fraction monitoring via modified pulmonary artery catheters and 2) transeophageal echocardiography.

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

Prevention is better than a cure. Learn how to cherish your heart by taking the necessary means to keep it pumping healthily and steadily through your life.

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