Nephrolithiasis Kidney Stones

Nephrolithiasis is a disorder in which small stones - usually formed from calcium and oxalate - precipitate in the kidney. If they pass into the ureter they cause irritation, spasm, and may block the flow of urine. The pain of a kidney stone is intense it typically starts suddenly in the lower back and radiates down and around toward the groin. In general, the more calcium and oxalate in the urine, the greater the chances of developing kidney stones. Uric acid in the urine can be the seed...

Micronutrients Psoriasis

As fish-oil capsules, 1.0-1.5 g EPA plus DHA As 1-4 g evening primrose oil 200 ig selenium, 50 mg zinc 8GGG ig vitamin A plus 2G ig vitamin D Can reduce proliferation and inflammation.12 Skin salves containing EPA can also be applied to patches. Take with at least 100 mg vitamin E Can reduce skin cell proliferation and inflammation. Take with at least 100 mg vitamin E Psoriasis is often linked with low blood levels of selenium. Zinc and selenium supplements can reduce skin inflammation,...

Micronutrients Constipation

Pulls water into the colon and softens stools. Start with 250 mg and increase gradually until constipation improves. Take as single dose on arising in the morning Deficiency can aggravate constipation High-dose calcium supplements (more than 2 g day) may worsen constipation. Chronic use of laxatives should be avoided. Most interfere with normal colonic function and reduce absorption of nutrients. They can also precipitate development of irritable bowel syndrome.

Micronutrients Migraine

Low levels of magnesium in the body may increase risk of blood vessel constriction and spasm.3,4 Particularly effective in women who have migraines associated with the menstrual period or during pregnancy May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines5 May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines6 May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines6 Cumulative methacholine dose (total dose 64 units) Fig. 5.23 Magnesium prophylaxis against migraine headache. 43 adults with chronic migraines...

Diet Hypertension

The major dietary risk factors for hypertension and stroke are as follows 4 Overweight. Obesity is commonly associated with high blood pressure. Overweight hypertensive persons who lose weight often experience a significant reduction in blood pressure.21 4 Low intake of PUFAs. Especially when com bined with a high intake of saturated fat, low intake of essential PUFAs can increase risk of high blood pressure (see Fig. 5.9). 0 Salt. Although for most people sodium in the diet plays only a minor...

Use in Prevention and Therapy

Vitamin C, at doses of 1 g or more, increases body temperature slightly (enhancing white blood cell function), and is beneficial in lowering blood histamine. High levels of body histamine are associated with decreased immune response and increased nasal and bronchial congestion in colds and flu.8 Vitamin C stimulates acti-vitity of white blood cells9 and enhances their ability to destroy bacteria and viruses. Cancer. Vitamin C plays a central role in...

Heavy Alcohol Consumption

For most adults, occasional moderate alcohol drinking (one to two drinks per day) is not harmful, and may have health benefits. Moderate alcohol drinking can increase the HDL-cholesterol level in the blood, decrease risk of blood clots, and reduce risk of heart attack.1 However, regular heavy drinking (more than three to four drinks per day) is a health hazard. (A drink is considered a 180-ml glass of wine, 360-ml glass of beer, or 30-45 ml of spirits.) Heavy drinking increases risk of high...

Hypertension and Toxemia of Pregnancy

Toxemia is characterized by extreme hypertension, protein loss in the urine, and fluid retention and can be fatal for the mother and or the fetus.17 Fortunately, optimal nutrition can help prevent this disorder. Both too much and too little weight gain increase risk of hypertension during pregnancy. Inadequate salt intake may also increase the risk, so women should not attempt to restrict salt intake during pregnancy. Low calcium and or zinc intake sharply increases risk of toxemia. Calcium...