Micronutrients Cervical Dysplasia

3000 ig for women who have an abnormal Pap smear showing cervical dysplasia 800 ig for prevention 5 mg for women who have an abnormal Pap smear 0.4 mg for prevention Should contain ample beta-carotene, vitamin E, and vitamin C, as well as selenium (see pp. 118 for recommended levels of antioxidants) May help reverse dysplasia.27,28 High doses of vitamin A should only be taken with the advice of a physician May reverse dysplasia.29-31 Should be taken as part of a vitamin B complex May help...

Use in Prevention and Therapy

Infections of the skin (fungal infections, acne, impetigo, boils), influenza, conjunctivitis, ear infections (otits externa and media), bronchitis and pneumonia, and infectious diarrheal disease may benefit from vitamin A. Even in children who are not vitamin A deficient, vitamin A can lessen the severity of communicable infectious diseases.5,12,13 For example, vitamin A supplements taken with measles or infectious diarrhea can reduce complications and mortality by more...

Micronutrients Anxiety

Tryptophan can increase levels of serotonin, a brain neurotransmitter that has a calming effect.3 Should betaken together with 50 mg vitamin B6 May decrease anxiety and nervous tension.4 Medications, illness, and stress can deplete magnesium stores and produce agitation and irritability transmitters.3 5 In turn, depression can then aggravate nutrient deficiencies by causing lack of appetite. Food sensitivities can interfere with brain chemistry and alter mood. People with mood swings, which...

Diet Allergies

Food sensitivity can develop at any age but is particularly common in infants and young children. About 7-10 of children exhibit food allergies during their growing years.1 Colic in babies may be caused by sensitivity to a food -a common allergen is the protein in cow's milk. Adults can also develop sensitivity reactions, particularly when the immune system is knocked off-balance by stress, illness, food additives, and poor nutrition. Food allergies are often difficult to identify. Although...

Micronutrients Breast Cancer

To reduce the chances of developing breast cancer To reduce the chances of developing breast cancer Higher intakes can sharplyre-duce risk of breast cancer41 Fig. 5.30 Vitamin C intake and risk of breast cancer. In 12 studies of diet and breast cancer, vitamin C intake had the most consistent and significant inverse association with breast cancer risk. The risk was nearly one-third lower with the highest intakes of vitamin C, compared with lower intakes. The mean intake of the lowest quintile...

Heartburn Nausea and Constipation

During pregnancy, high progesterone levels relax muscular tone and slow down peristalsis in the digestive tract.14 This can be beneficial in that slower food transit times allow for increased nutrient absorption from foods. Absorption efficiency of iron, calcium, and vitamin B12 increases during pregnancy. However, reduced muscle tone can also cause problems. In the lower esophagus, it allows gastric reflux, causing irritation and discomfort (heartburn). Reflux can be minimized by eating...

Diet Ulcer

Dietary factors play a central role in ulcer frequency and severity.3,4 High intakes of sugar and refined carbohydrate can contribute to ul-cers.5 Milk, traditionally recommended to reduce acidity, actually produces only a transient rise in pH. This is often followed by a large rebound increase in acid secretion, which can worsen ulcers. Heavy alcohol consumption can cause erosions and ulceration of the stomach lining. Both decaffeinated and regular coffee can aggravate heartburn and ulcers....

Micronutrients Dementia

800-1200 mg vitamin E 200 g selenium 1.5-2.0 g 10-15 g (as high-quality lecithin) 100 mg pantothenic acid 1 mg dayfor1 week, then 1 mg week, by intramuscular injection Containing ample amounts ofthiamine, niacin, and folic acid Antioxidants can protect against brain cell loss and may slowdown progression of the diease18 May slowdown progression of the disease. Induces release of acetylcholine in the brain19 May enhance synthesis and release of acetylcholine12 Deficiency in the brain may produce...

Variability in Micronutrient Requirements among Individuals

Professor RJ Williams, a chemist who played a key role in the discoveries of pantothenic acid and folic acid, emphasized the broad variability in micronutrient needs within the population. He developed the concept of biochemical individuality, a fundamental principle of micronutrient prevention and therapy, describing it as follows Each individual has a distinctive nutrient environment of his or her own, because while the list of nutrients needed by all of us may be the same, the respective...

Micronutrients Prostate

Week, will provide important essential PUFAs. The EFAs and their metabolites - GLA, EPA, and DHA - can decrease activity of these prostaglandins (see pp.89) and may reduce enlargement and improve symptoms. Impaired zinc metabolism within the prostate gland may contribute to enlargement. Supplementation may reduce gland size and improve symptoms3 Supplementation may reduce risk of enlargement and prostate cancer1 Overactivity of certain prostaglandins within the 1-3 g EPA and DHA as fish-oil...

Diet Dementia

It is estimated that about one-quarter of all dementias are caused by nutritional factors that are, at least partially, reversible.9 Deficiencies of severalB vitamins - niacin, vitamin B12, thiamin, and folate - can cause dementia.9,14,15 Chronic heavy alcohol consumption can also produce dementia - large amounts of alcohol have a direct toxic effect on brain cells. Because multi-infarct dementia is caused by small strokes, the same dietary changes that were recommended for prevention of high...

Diet Prostate

High-fat diets, particularly saturated fat from animal sources (meat, eggs, dairy products), promotes enlargement of the prostate and may also increase risk of prostate cancer.1,2 Diets high in fruits and vegetables, particularly those rich in lycopene (a carotenoid found in large amounts in tomatoes), reduce risk of prostate enlargement and cancer.1 Overactivity of certain prostaglandins within the prostate gland may contribute to enlargement. Substituting high-quality, cold-pressed plant oils...

Diet Diabetes

The best way to prevent type 2 diabetes is to avoid gaining weight. Overweight people are four times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who maintain normal body weight. Overweight diabetic patients can often reduce their need for drugs and control their blood sugar by weight loss. The glucose tolerance factor (GTF) is a naturally occuring compound that helps regulate blood sugar. It is found in rich amounts in brewer's yeast. Chromium is an essential component of GTF, and diets...

The Difference between the Diet of Our Distant Ancestors and Our Diet Today

In the industrialized countries diets have changed remarkably over the past 100 years. This dietary shift, combined with an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, is a major cause of many common diseases-heart disease, osteoporosis, tooth decay, high blood pressure, and diabetes. These disorders, so prevalent now, were rare before the 20th century. For thousands of years, humans adapted to and thrived on a diet radically different from today's diet.19,20 Looking at the diet of our ancestors provides...

Nephrolithiasis Kidney Stones

Nephrolithiasis is a disorder in which small stones - usually formed from calcium and oxalate - precipitate in the kidney. If they pass into the ureter they cause irritation, spasm, and may block the flow of urine. The pain of a kidney stone is intense it typically starts suddenly in the lower back and radiates down and around toward the groin. In general, the more calcium and oxalate in the urine, the greater the chances of developing kidney stones. Uric acid in the urine can be the seed...

Micronutrients Psoriasis

As fish-oil capsules, 1.0-1.5 g EPA plus DHA As 1-4 g evening primrose oil 200 ig selenium, 50 mg zinc 8GGG ig vitamin A plus 2G ig vitamin D Can reduce proliferation and inflammation.12 Skin salves containing EPA can also be applied to patches. Take with at least 100 mg vitamin E Can reduce skin cell proliferation and inflammation. Take with at least 100 mg vitamin E Psoriasis is often linked with low blood levels of selenium. Zinc and selenium supplements can reduce skin inflammation,...

Micronutrients Constipation

Pulls water into the colon and softens stools. Start with 250 mg and increase gradually until constipation improves. Take as single dose on arising in the morning Deficiency can aggravate constipation High-dose calcium supplements (more than 2 g day) may worsen constipation. Chronic use of laxatives should be avoided. Most interfere with normal colonic function and reduce absorption of nutrients. They can also precipitate development of irritable bowel syndrome.

Micronutrients Migraine

Low levels of magnesium in the body may increase risk of blood vessel constriction and spasm.3,4 Particularly effective in women who have migraines associated with the menstrual period or during pregnancy May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines5 May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines6 May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines6 Cumulative methacholine dose (total dose 64 units) Fig. 5.23 Magnesium prophylaxis against migraine headache. 43 adults with chronic migraines...

Diet Hypertension

The major dietary risk factors for hypertension and stroke are as follows 4 Overweight. Obesity is commonly associated with high blood pressure. Overweight hypertensive persons who lose weight often experience a significant reduction in blood pressure.21 4 Low intake of PUFAs. Especially when com bined with a high intake of saturated fat, low intake of essential PUFAs can increase risk of high blood pressure (see Fig. 5.9). 0 Salt. Although for most people sodium in the diet plays only a minor...

Heavy Alcohol Consumption

For most adults, occasional moderate alcohol drinking (one to two drinks per day) is not harmful, and may have health benefits. Moderate alcohol drinking can increase the HDL-cholesterol level in the blood, decrease risk of blood clots, and reduce risk of heart attack.1 However, regular heavy drinking (more than three to four drinks per day) is a health hazard. (A drink is considered a 180-ml glass of wine, 360-ml glass of beer, or 30-45 ml of spirits.) Heavy drinking increases risk of high...

Toxicity

High doses of EFAs without additional vitamin E intake can deplete body stores of vitamin E. In diabetics high doses of omega-3 fatty acids can sometimes reduce insulin action and elevate blood sugar. In individuals with rare inherited bleeding disorders or taking anticoagulant drugs, high-dose omega-3 supplementation may increase risk of abnormal bleeding. GLA should be used with caution in epilepsy or manic-depressive disorder. Rarely, high-dose supplementation may aggravate these disorders.

Hypertension and Toxemia of Pregnancy

Toxemia is characterized by extreme hypertension, protein loss in the urine, and fluid retention and can be fatal for the mother and or the fetus.17 Fortunately, optimal nutrition can help prevent this disorder. Both too much and too little weight gain increase risk of hypertension during pregnancy. Inadequate salt intake may also increase the risk, so women should not attempt to restrict salt intake during pregnancy. Low calcium and or zinc intake sharply increases risk of toxemia. Calcium...

References

Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 1994 63 270. 2. Bettendorf L. Thiamin in excitable tissue Reflections of a non-cofactor role. Metab Brain Dis. 1994 9 183. 3. van der Wielen RP, et al. Nutritional status of elderly female nursing home residents The effect of supplementation with physiological doses of water-soluble vitamins. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1995 49 665. 4. Rindi G. Thiamin. In Ziegler EE, Filer LJ, eds. Present Knowledge in Nutrition. Washington DC ILSI Press 1996. 5. Skelton WP,...