Infections Transmitted Through the Respiratory Route

7.1. General Information

Respiratory tract infections are common, usually mild, and self-limiting, although they may require symptomatic treatment with paracetamol or a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory. These include the common cold (80% rhi-noviruses and 20% coronaviruses), adenoviruses, influenza, parainfluenza, and, during the summer and early autumn, enteroviruses. Special attention should be given to detainees with asthma or the who are immunocompromised, because infection in these people may be more serious particularly if the lower respiratory tract is involved.

The following section includes respiratory pathogens of special note because they may pose a risk to both the detainee and/or staff who come into close contact.

7.2. Meningococcal Meningitis (Neisseria meningitidis)

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