Rates and Risks of Infection

An estimated 10-30% of dog bites and 9-50% of human bites lead to infection. Compare this with an estimated 1-12% of nonbite wounds managed in accident and emergency departments.

The risk of infection is increased with puncture wounds, hand injuries, full-thickness wounds, wounds requiring debridement, and those involving joints, tendons, ligaments or fractures.

Comorbid medical conditions, such as diabetes, asplenia, chronic edema of the area, liver dysfunction, the presence of a prosthetic valve or joint, and an immunocompromised state may also increase the risk of infection.

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