Transmission Through Blood and Body Fluids

The BBVs that present the most cross-infection hazard to staff or victims are those associated with persistent viral replication and viremia. These include HBV, HCV, hepatitis D virus (HDV), and HIV.

In general, risks of transmission of BBVs arise from the possible exposure to blood or other body fluids. The degree of risk varies with the virus concerned and is discussed under the relevant sections. Figure 1 illustrates the immediate management after a percutaneous injury, mucocutaneous exposure, or exposure through contamination of fresh cuts or breaks in the skin.

5.1. Hepatitis B

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Beat The Battle With The Bottle

Alcoholism is something that can't be formed in easy terms. Alcoholism as a whole refers to the circumstance whereby there's an obsession in man to keep ingesting beverages with alcohol content which is injurious to health. The circumstance of alcoholism doesn't let the person addicted have any command over ingestion despite being cognizant of the damaging consequences ensuing from it.

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