Words to Know

Chromosome: A thread-shaped structure that carries genetic information in cells.

Nucleus: A compartment in the cell which is enclosed by a membrane and which contains its genetic information.

Paternity: The genetic father of an offspring.

unreliability. DNA evidence has only been rejected due to errors in the testing process, such as incorrect readings by laboratory technicians. In fact, laboratory errors have been one of the biggest problems to DNA testing. Human errors are becoming less common as technicians gain more experience in reading DNA samples and as more standard tests are used throughout the world.

For More Information

Fischer, Eric A. DNA Identification and Evidence: Application and Issues. Huntington, NY: Novinka Books, 2001.

Hamilton, Janet. James Watson: Solving the Mystery of DNA. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2004.

Inman, Keith. An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1997.

Marian Koshland Science Museum of the National Academy of Sciences. ''Putting DNA to Work.'' <http://www.koshlandscience.org/exhibitdna/ index.jsp> (accessed June 30, 2006).

[See Also Vol. 1, DNA Fingerprinting; Vol. 1, DNA Sequencing; Vol. 3, Fingerprint Technology.]

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