Specific Grip Strength Training

The Diesel Crew Nail Bending Manual

The Bending is a program created by Jedd Johnson to provide users with strength training exercises that help them get stronger hands. The guide provides people the opportunity to reduce their body fat and also regulate their breath. Being an athlete himself since 1999, Jedd understands the importance of strengths and fitness. He has taken part in many Strongman competitions and Grip Strength contests. He coaches and also talks at conferences about his strength abilities. By using the Bending program, the users learn the secret behind building their abdominal pressure and stabilization that will help turn the core into granite. One also learns to express the strength of their upper back, chest, shoulder and their hands in many innovative ways. It contains many exercise techniques, including wrist flexion, wrist extension, ulnar and radial deviation, most of which are known by very few people in the world. This program is not just for the pro, but also for the beginners wanting to learn the art. It provides a complete scheduled program to make you an expert in just a few weeks. Many people believe that nail bending is not a workout. But, Jedd thinks differently. It burns your calories and help you strengthen your entire body. Read more...

The Bending Manual Summary


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Contents: Ebook
Author: Jedd Johnson
Official Website: www.thegripauthority.com
Price: $39.97

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Highly Recommended

Of all books related to the topic, I love reading this e-book because of its well-planned flow of content. Even a beginner like me can easily gain huge amount of knowledge in a short period.

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Home Made Strength 2 Grip Strength Edition

The Grip Strength System is a revolutionary product designed to teach people to build grip strength without having to spend on expensive new equipments. With many world records behind him, Jedd Jonhson, the creator of this system, has used only the homemade equipment that are easy to get around the house. Many people believe that grip strength is only hand strength, but in reality, it is everything from the elbow down. It also offers many other physical advantages such as hand strength, elbow stability, forearm size and strength, wrist strength, thumb strength and also finger strength. This builds your stamina and helps to improve in sports. Even if you are not an athlete, you build confidence, get stronger hands and improve your neural connection. If you get injured at your job easily, this helps you build your stamina and makes you resistant to injuries. Jedd gives step-by-step instructions on how to assemble the equipment easily. He also explains many different ways to use each of the equipment so that you can enjoy a variety of exercises and get a world-class grip. This is not just a few exercises put together, instead it is well thought of and tested exercises meant to give results. Read more...

Home Made Strength Summary

Contents: Videos
Official Website: www.homemadestrength.com
Price: $37.00

The Grip Authority by Jedd Johnson

Jedd Johnson is the developer of The Grip Authority Program and this man also is the captain of crush and red nail bender. He has much experience in exercising grip workouts, and he, himself, is a nail bender, so people are assured of safe and effective grip programs under his care. The author claims that this program aims to help not only members who join to improve their grips, but also others who are not members to steer their success with grip training. Additionally, the author promises that by following this The Grip Authority (Tga), members will know how to develop their hand grip strength, perform old time strongman feats of strength, and excel in the sport of grip. Actually, the step-by-step instructions in this program will help members accelerate their training farther in just a few months than they have gained in several years. Read more...

The Grip Authority Summary

Contents: Premium Membership
Creator: Jedd Johnson
Official Website: thegripauthority.com
Price: $7.00

Wrist and hand function

When patients are seen and treated promptly after injury, nerve transfers or grafts are used in panplexal injury to restore shoulder and elbow function, as described by Chuang and Songchar-oen elsewhere in this issue. Hand function, however, requires restoration of both grasp and release in addition to the positioning functions provided by reinnervated shoulder and elbow muscles. The proximal location of the obturator nerve branch to the gracilis muscle permits proximal (shoulder level) neurovascular connections for rapid reinnervation of nerve transfers. Its length (spanning the entire thigh from pubis to pes anserinus) allows distal tendon connections to hand and wrist motor nerves. Such a muscle, crossing shoulder, elbow, and wrist, has the potential to augment function of more proximal joints as well.

Nutrition and Exercise

Increases in body weight, fat-free mass, and improvements in ventilatory muscle function, handgrip strength, peak work capacity, and health status have also been reported in depleted patients following nutritional supplementation therapy incorporated into a pulmonary rehabilitation programme 63,64 .

Preisers disease scaphoid ischemic necrosis

Children who have thumb hypoplasia and associated radial dysplasia often have a small hypoplastic scaphoid (Fig. 13A-C). High com-pressive loads across the carpal joints generated by hand function and grip may lead to failure of the hypoplastic scaphoid, which is intrinsically more susceptible to ischemic necrosis and fracture 110 .

Box 5 Triquetrum summary

Hamate Fracture

88 demonstrated that acute fractures, when immobilized for 6 weeks, will heal adequately as long as they are minimally displaced. For nonunion, Fujioka and coworkers 89 reported success gaining union with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound. For chronic, symptomatic nonunion, treatment is excision of the fracture fragment. A biomechanical study on cadavers 90 revealed a 15 reduction in grip strength with fragment excision therefore, patients should be counseled appropriately before surgery. Scheufler and colleagues 87 recently recommended early ORIF or excision for acute hook of hamate fractures, although this remains controversial at this time.

Physical Activity Programs

All sessions should start and finish gradually with a warm-up and cool-down. For frailer participants, many of the activities should be related closely to daily life and maintaining independence. Techniques of lifting, walking, transferring (moving from sitting to standing, standing to lying), and even crawling should be specifically taught and discussed. Information about the specific benefits of particular exercises is greatly appreciated for example, shoulder mobility for reaching zips stamina for energy and less breathlessness during exhaustion or quadriceps, hand grip and biceps strengthening for carrying shopping or using the bus.

Elevation in Proinflammatory Cytokines

Normal aging is associated with an increase in the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-a 24 and a reduction in muscle mass. Therefore, it is possible that the elevation in proinflammatory cytokines, which can induce proteolysis in skeletal muscle, may contribute to the decline in muscle mass with age. Visser et al. 25 reported that IL-6 and TNF-a concentration were inversely related to muscle mass and muscle strength in 3075 elderly individuals. Furthermore, Greiwe et al. 26 reported that TNF-a in muscle is elevated in frail elders and that resistance training decreased the resting TNF-a concentration. It has also been demonstrated that IL-6 and IGF-1 and their interaction were significant predictors of handgrip strength and muscle power 27 . IGF-1 was an independent predictor of muscle function only in subjects in the lowest IL-6 tertile, suggesting that the effect of IGF-1 on muscle function depends on the IL-6 level 27 . Payette et al. 28...

Growth Hormone and IGF1

Strength and functional status (30 m walk time and stair-climbing ability). There were no improvements in isokinetic strength but improvements in the 30-m walk and stair-climbing ability as a result of the experimental treatments were observed. Blackman et al. 64 examined the effects of 26 weeks of testosterone, GH, or a combination of the two on strength and VO2max (a measure of maximal aerobic exercise capacity). While there was a significant increase in muscle strength and VO2 max as a result of testosterone and GH administration, many side effects were reported. Svensson et al. 65 reported that 5 years of GH administration led to a persistent increase in isometric, concentric isokinetic knee flexor strength, and grip strength. They did not report any side effects.

Clinical And Biochemical Evaluation Changes Over Aging

The Cardiovascular Health Study the elements of the pathway were as follows 1) unexplained weight loss 2) poor grip strength 3) self-reported exhaustion 4) slow walking speed and 5) low physical activity. After adjusting for significant confounders, participants with 3 or more of these characteristics were at significantly increased risk of disability, hospitalization and death. The work of Walston and Fried 1 demonstrates that aggregating measures in the domains of physical function and body composition are an effective initial basis for developing screening criteria for an intrinsic vulnerability that have predictive validity. However, without understanding the pathophysiologic pathway that leads to frailty as a syndrome that justifies the aggregation of the domains proposed by Waltson and Fried 1, we lack the critical information to envision any serious attempts to apply the concept of frailty into clinical practice. In this chapter we explore some of the biological mechanisms that...

Nutritional Support

Saudny-Unterberger 86 administered nutritional support (10 kcal kg day) over 2 weeks in COPD patients who were admitted for an exacerbation of their disease. Forced vital capacity increased in the treatment group by 8.7 whereas it decreased by 3.5 in the control group. There were no changes in handgrip strength or respiratory muscle but there was a trend towards an improvement in general well-being. No measures of body weight or fat-free mass were made. Creutzberg et al. 87 characterised the factors that appeared to be related to non-response to a nutritional intervention (extra 500-750 kcal day) in individuals with COPD. They reported that the systemic inflammatory response (serum TNF-receptor 55, and intra-cellular adhesion molecule), aging and relative level of anorexia were associated with the non-responsiveness to nutritional intervention. In an 8-week pulmonary rehabilitation program, Creutzberg et al. 88 evaluated the administration of two or three liquid nutritional...

Materials and methods

Strict case inclusion criteria were used in this study. Two hundred thirty-three cases from the author's first 5 years of brachial plexus surgery were excluded (1985-1989) because of the immaturity of the surgeon. Surgeries performed after the year 2000 (259 cases) were excluded because of inadequate follow-up time (recovery from the contralateral C7 transfer usually takes at least 3 y to obtain results) 25 . Between 1990 and 2000, 773 patients with brachial plexus lesions were treated surgically. After excluding patients who had obstetric brachial plexus palsy (164 patients), thoracic outlet syndrome (27 patients), tumor of brachial plexus (16 patients), irradiation neuritis (6 patients), and brachial plexus poliolike neuritis (18 patients), 542 adult patients with brachial plexus injuries remained. Among these 542 patients, nerve transfers were used for functional restoration of the shoulder (266 patients), elbow function (301 patients), and hand or finger function (60 patients),...

Freemuscle transfer the solution

Given that the rate of nerve regeneration is limited, that function cannot be restored to the shoulder or elbow when treatment is delayed, and that hand function cannot be provided except in a minority of cases with nerve transfer, another solution is needed. In the future, physicians may be able to maintain the morphology and ultrastructure of denervated muscle, place nerve grafts directly into the spinal cord, and greatly increase the rate of axonal regeneration. Because these advances have not yet been made, another solution is required if physicians are to restore

Planning a freemuscle transfer

Considerations after transfer, such as bowstringing across the elbow joint or the need to stabilize or move more than one joint with a single muscle 15 . Excursion requirements for hand function range from approximately 3 cm for wrist flexion or extension to approximately 7 cm for finger flexion. Finger extension is intermediate to these values. In comparison, the mean resting fiber length of the gracilis is 26 cm, the latissimus, 23 to 28 cm, and the rectus femoris, 8 cm 50 .

Strategy of surgical management for different root injuries

These avulsions are usually associated with C5 through C7 ruptures. C5 is transferred for shoulder abduction. The C6 transfer is to the C8 or median nerve for hand function. Intercostal nerves are moved to the musculocutaneous nerve for elbow flexion. The ipsilateral C7 nerve fibers, if available, are usually connected to the distal C7 only, because its transfer for critical function provides unreliable results in the author's experience. When C5 and C6 are ruptured rather than avulsed, C5 is used for shoulder abduction C6 to C8 or median nerve is used for hand function. Intercostal nerves are transferred to the muscu-locutaneous nerve for elbow flexion. The C5 root alone is ruptured and usable. Two situations may be encountered If the C5 stump is healthy, then C5 is transferred to the median nerve for hand function, and phrenic and cervical motor branch nerves are used for shoulder abduction. Intercostal nerves are moved for elbow flexion. The spinal accessory nerve is spared for a...

Exercise Type Endurance Versus Resistance

Endurance training leads to a reduction in after-load with a decrease in systemic resistance at rest and at maximal exertion as well as to a small improvement in LV ejection fraction.20 Similar data for resistance training in CHF patients do not exist. Aerobic endurance training thus still forms the basis of training therapies for CHF patients. Critical appraisal of (predominantly) isometric resistance training (hand-grip training, stress time 3 min) is based on older studies that found a drastic rise in afterload along with an acute reduction in cardiac output21 and an increase in the severity of mitral regurgitation.22 In contrast to these findings, 2 x 10 repetition leg-press exercises at 70 of maximal capacity or interval training do not cause a clinically relevant decrease in ejection fraction increase in systolic blood pressure.23,24 By shortening the isometric and lengthening the isotonic exercise phase, it is possible to avoid hemody-namic strain. Pure resistance training in...

Study End Points Efficacy

The results are reported in Table 2 and Fig. 1. The body weight increased significantly from baseline as well as the LBM and appetite, while the grip strength did not show significant changes. A decrease of REE at the end of treatment was found in two of five patients studied. Correlations between changes ofLBM and clinical (PS), nutritional functional (appetite, grip strength), laboratory (IL-6, TNF-a, leptin, ROS and GPx) and QL variables. A significant negative relationship was found only between LBM and IL-6 changes (Table 4). Therefore, multivariate regression analysis was not performed. Correlations between changes of fatigue and clinical (PS), nutritional functional (appetite, grip strength) and laboratory (IL-6, TNF-a, leptin, ROS and GPx) variables. No significant relationship was found (Table 5).

Testosterone Replacement

Morley et al. 47 studied 37 men aged 69-89 years old. Twenty-six of the men had a mean total testosterone level of 272 ng dl. They were administered 200 mg of testosterone enanthate every 2 weeks for 3 months. Alternating cases was the method used to assign subjects to treatment or placebo groups. The authors reported a nine-fold increase in bioavailable testosterone and a significant increase in right-hand muscle strength. Sih et al. 48 reported that 12 months of testosterone replacement (biweekly injections of 200 mg) in hypogonadal elderly men resulted in a significant increase in bilateral grip strength. Bhasin et al. 49 examined the effects of 10 weeks of testosterone replacement (100 mg week) on body composition and strength in seven hypogonadal men aged 19-47 in an open-labelled non-randomised study. By day 15, serum testosterone had increased from 71.9 to 509 ng ml. After 10 weeks, there was an 8.8 increase in fat-free mass, an 11 increase in triceps cross-sectional area, and...

Ann Katrin Karlsson

Spinal cord injury, in a moment, dramatically changes the life of the affected person. The loss of control of skeletal muscle, as well as of sensations from below the injury, together with the impairment of thermoregulation, urinary bladder and bowel function produce a profound deterioration in the quality of life for people after spinal cord injury. Tetraplegic subjects rank improvement in hand function as the most important factor to enhance quality of life (Anderson, 2004). However, paraplegic subjects give normal sexual function the highest priority and, when the first and second choice was combined, recovery of normal bladder and bowel function were given the highest priority in both groups of subjects. This shows that people


On examination, some patients will have mild to moderate swelling over the dorsum or radial aspects of the wrist. This swelling will often worsen with increased loading and use of the wrist. Range of motion and grip strength will generally be reduced, often severely, when compared with the contralateral, presumably normal, wrist. As reported by Kalainov and colleagues 22 , the disease occurs approximately two thirds of the time in the dominant wrist. Although Pre-iser's disease appears to affect adults almost exclusively, there has been one case report of a 10-year-old boy developing fragmentation and necrosis of

Study End Points

(b) Nutritional functional variables. Body weight an increase of at least 5 . Lean body mass (LBM) by bioimpedentiometry an increase of at least 10 . Appetite evaluated by visual analogue scale ranging from 0 to 10 an increase of at least 2 units. Resting energy expenditure (REE kcal day) by indirect calorimetry (calculated only in a subset of patients) a decrease of at least 10 . Grip strength by dynamometer an increase of at least 30 .


Preiser Disease

Moran and colleagues 36 recently reported their results of implementing vascularized bone grafts from the distal radius for patients who have scaphoid AVN. Eight patients received vas-cularized grafts over a 10-year period. Six of the grafts were from the pedicle based off of 1,2 intra-compartmental supraretinacular artery, and two of the grafts were based on the 2,3 intracompart-mental supraretinacular artery (Fig. 9). Overall, the results were promising and the authors recommended a revascularization procedure for patients who have no fragmentation or degenerative changes of the scaphoid. Seven of the patients had postoperative MRIs, all of which demonstrated evidence of revascularization however, incomplete revascularization of the proximal pole was a common finding. Motion was relatively maintained and grip strength increased slightly postoperatively. All of the patients reported a reduction in pain. One patient, who initially reported a decrease in pain, ultimately failed...


These methods have not provided reliable restoration of wrist or hand function, however. In many instances, delay in treatment or complete avulsion of the brachial plexus limits the surgeon's reconstructive options. The number of available extraplexal donor nerves is limited,and timing of reconstructive procedures becomes critical. Despite favorable results reported for early nerve grafting and transfer techniques for shoulder and elbow function, reported results of grafting or nerve transfer for hand function have been less favorable 8,13 . Further, attempts at restoring function to long-standing denervated muscle have not been generally successful. This situation has

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