The 9th Annual International Conference on Dialysis, Advances in CKD 2007, organized by the Renal Research Institute, New York, with the cooperation of the ISN, ISPD, NKF and RPA, is a well-established meeting in the US which has consistently presented the views of leaders in the field of chronic kidney disease on novel and often provocative scientific and clinical aspects of current interest.

As in previous years, this year's meeting, held in Austin, Texas, January 24-26, has a large international representation (13 of 38 speakers from outside the US), with perhaps more than the usual emphasis on clearly drawn differences of opinion which are best explored in debates. These include challenges to current guidelines on peritoneal dialysis dose (Bargman and Winchester) and also a challenge to guidelines in general (Amerling), how dialysis dose should be best measured (Gotch and Twardow-ski), and the value of observational research (Daugirdas and Port).

The first part of the meeting, as usual, is devoted to the problems inherent in the management of a dialysis center, including potential problems in providing an adequate dose (Diaz Buxo), finances of the individual facility (de Oreo), impact of government billing rates for erythropoietin use on hemoglobin levels (Ofsthun), and the management of dialysis units in Europe (Gatti).

An important emphasis on diabetes is presented including a key note address on changing the fate of diabetics in the dialysis unit (Broumand) and a discussion of the much anticipated KDOQI guidelines on diabetes (Nelson).

New information on common problems include a review of the importance of dialysate composition (Hoe-nich), and the difficulties in increasing fistulas and decreasing catheters (Sands). Fresh thoughts on the role of body composition in indicating dialysis outcomes (Kotanko), the problems of an excess or deficiency of vitamin C (Handelman), and the current state of the application of nanotechnology (Fissell) are addressed. The pharmacologic problems of the chronic kidney disease patient is examined (Mueller), and a critical analysis of imaging methods for coronary artery calcification is made (Lembcke).

The frequently neglected role of periodontal disease as a cause of problems in dialysis patients is analyzed (Offenbacher).

Finally, Ronco provides a molecular approach to infection in chronic kidney disease, using detection of bacterial DNA in patients with sepsis.

We owe thanks to Mary Carter, the Research Program Director, and Ingrid Adelsberger in New York who coordinate this impressive conference, as well as Anna Sac-cardo, Ilaria Balbo and Silvia Fracasso who worked in Vicenza on the final arrangements of the manuscripts. Special thanks to Karger for the usual outstanding quality of the publication.

We hope that attendees enjoy the meeting, and the other readers will enjoy the presentations and contributions in this issue.

Claudio Ronco, Vincenza Nathan W. Levin, New York, N.Y.


© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel 0253-5068/07/0251-0005$23.50/0

Blood Purif 2007;25:7-11 DOI: 10.1159/000096390

Published online: December 14, 2006

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