Declan Page Contents

I. Physical and Chemical Properties of Organic Matter in Water, Soils,

Air, and Waste 287

II. Principles of Analytical Pyrolysis 288

III. Analytical Pyrolysis — Instrumentation 289

IV. Derivatization for Analytical Pyrolysis 291

V. Analytical Pyrolysis of Organic Matter and Related Biomaterials 292

A. Analytical Pyrolysis of Polysaccharides 293

B. Analytical Pyrolysis of Lignins 294

C. Analytical Pyrolysis of Nucleic Acids 295

D. Analytical Pyrolysis of Proteins 295

E. Analytical Pyrolysis of Lipids 295

F. Analytical Pyrolysis of Organic Matter 296

VI. Interpretation of Pyrograms 300

VII. Analysis of Organic Matter Analysis in Environmental Examples 302

D. Waste Materials 305

VIII. Conclusions 306

References 306

I. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC MATTER IN WATER,

SOILS, AIR, AND WASTE

The organic matter present in soils and sediments has been studied for the last few centuries; yet it is only relatively recently that similar studies have been performed on organic matter present in water, air, and waste materials.1 In this chapter, the term organic matter is used to designate all organic matter found in soil, water, air or waste material other than living organisms and specific compounds of anthropogenic origin.

Organic matter is present in water, soil, air particulates, and waste materials as a conglomeration of carbonaceous chemical by-products of living and decaying plant and animal matter. Several factors control the range and types of chemical and structural characteristics of the

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