Results Rattans Of Borneo And Their Protection Status

In total, 140 rattan species belonging to eight genera (Table 10 . 4) are recorded on Borneo, including the monotypic, endemic genus Retispatha . Most of the species belong to the genus Calamus (79 species) . Including varieties, the total number of taxa in this study is 144, of which 98 (68. 1 ) are endemic to Borneo (Dransfield and Patel 2005) . Most of the rattan taxa (86 taxa or 59.7 ) are widespread or very widespread, whereas 21 (14. 6 ) have local distribution and 37 (25.7 ) have narrow...

Further Developments And Reference To Gbif

A major goal of LIAS is facilitating interaction and communication between experts of the lichenological and mycological scientific community and creating a network for data exchange among experts . More than 60 international scientists cooperated by compiling data and establishing more than 20 family-level subprojects . Currently, the system is going to be established as a data node associated to the German GBIF participant node for mycology (Rambold and Persoh 2003 Triebel et al . 2003) ....

Which Approach

Although superposed distance and superposed landmark LDA approaches achieved marginally superior performance in terms of per cent correct identifications, there are several practical considerations that, we believe, will limit the ability of these methods to contribute to solutions of the overall automated species identification problem . The foraminiferal analysis undertaken here involved a small number of species . Indeed, LDA for the purpose of species identification almost always involves a...

From Analysis To Action Priorities And Feasibility

The proposed set of priority areas should not be seen as a manual for rattan conservation on Borneo Identifying priority areas as undertaken here is only the first step in planning practical rattan conservation The feasibility of taking appropriate conservation measures must be investigated for each priority area individually through field studies The application of triage, as described before, would probably assist well in screening the priority areas and to set priorities within the selected...

The Editors

Curry is currently reader in earth sciences in the Department of Geographical and Earth Sciences at the University of Glasgow, Scotland . Prior to joining the staff at the University of Glasgow in 1992, he was a Royal Society of London University research fellow for 8 years . His interests include palaeo-environmental reconstruction (in particular using stable isotopes), taxonomy and computing . He was project manager for the UK's Natural Environment Research Council's Centre of...

Making It Work

A database (acting as the taxonomic core), editor software to input and change data and database maintenance tools are available and already allow us to produce and publish traditional as well as concept-oriented checklists We are now starting to meet the challenge to create a broker system incorporating the concept relationships present in a Berlin Model database, which acts as the system's taxonomic core . The user may issue a query to get information about a certain taxon (name) from...

Assembling Databases By Merging

Now that some species databases have been constructed, it becomes possible to assemble bigger ones by merging some existing databases together A hypothetical diagrammatic example is shown in Figure 9. 3 . 9.3.1 International Legume Database and lNf0RMATi0N Service One of the earliest projects to create a computer database for a large group of organisms was ILDIS (http www. ildis . org), the International Legume Database and Information Service. It was started in the 1980s when the wider...

Basic Problem

The main reason for creating a database is to organize the available information into a number of discrete, labelled fields, which can then be searched to provide the information required by the user (Figure 6 . 3) . Human-readable text is not structured according to logical fields and is seen by the computer as a string of characters, preventing the automation of complex queries . A database, on the other hand, is essentially a collection of separate fields, allowing the accurate specification...

Querying Xmltagged Text

The once concise taxonomic description has been transformed into a much longer, much more unwieldy document by the XML parser, but the important aspect for the automation of digital capture is that that the tags allow complex searches to be carried out of the type - < GENUS confirmed true> < NAME> Gloriana< NAME> < DATE> 1986c< DATE> < PAGE> p. 313< PAGE> < TYPE> *Cryptiana superbia Nelson, 1856, p.413 < TYPE> < SYNONYM> Paradesia SMITH, 1871, p. 54...

ILDIS Legume Web

Because the Alice software that supports the ILDIS database is a single-user DOS program and therefore provides its user with only a local user interface, it is unsuitable for hosting a FIGURE 9.4 Conversion of the ILDIS database to LegumeWeb. The upper user is the ILDIS database editor, who also initiates the conversion process, shown with solid lines . The lower user is an end-user of the LegumeWeb database, whose Web interactions are shown with broken lines Web database. It was necessary to...

Providing Access To Unitlevel Data The Enhsin Prototype

At the heart of the European Natural History Specimen Information Network lies the technical development of a simple XML-based prototype for providing a common access system to specimen databases (Guntsch 2003) . The system was designed to handle distributed and heterogeneous collections' databases . Projects outside Europe of a similar scope include Species Analyst 6 and REMIB 7 . The partnership that constituted the network also examined broader questions of the usage of such information,...

Conservation Of Rattans On Borneo

With an area of 751,000 km2, Borneo is the third largest island in the world, stretching from about 4 S to 7 N . Politically, Borneo is divided among three countries Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia (Kalimantan) and Malaysia (the states of Sabah and Sarawak) (Microsoft 2000 see Figure 10 . 1) . Large tracts of Borneo, particularly the southern and eastern regions, consist of hilly lowlands and swampy plains The central and north-western regions are dominated by mountain ranges with peaks rising to...

Conclusion

Although creating a network of biological collection databases requires, and is receiving, attention from the international community beyond Europe, there are three main reasons why a strong European focus on this project has emerged First, the European Commission is materially supporting the development of natural science collections as an infrastructure Second and closely associated with the first point is the establishment of the European Research Area, which is predicated on the need for...

Assessing Concept Stability

Stability Natural Vegetation

For an analysis of concept stability, we need more data than are contained in traditional checklists with their lists of synonyms although these can also be used for analysis see Geoffroy and Berendsohn 2003 . Instead, we need data sets where concept relationships have been recorded in a comprehensive way i .e. , for every taxon processed rather than in the largely anecdotal way found in traditional treatments In analysing such data sets, we have to be conscious of the fact that the resulting...