Bibliography

Folkerth, R.D. (Ed.). (2005). Symposium: perinatal brain injury. Brain Pathol 15, 223-260.

Friede, R.L. (1989). Developmental neuropathology, 2nd edition (revised). New York: Springer-Verlog.

Golden, J.A., Harding, B.N. (2004). Pathology and genetics. Basel: Developmental Neuropathology ISN, Neuropath Press.

Johnson, R.T. (1998). Viral infections of the nervous system, 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven.

Rorke, L.B. (1982). Pathology of perinatal brain injury. New York: Raven Press.

Rorke, L.B. (1992). Anatomical features of the developing brain implicated in pathogenesis of hypoxic-ischemic injury. Brain Pathol 3, 211-221.

- REVIEW QU

1. A cerebral hemorrhage typical in premature infants is:

A. Subdural hematoma

B. Putaminal hemorrhage

C. Pontine hemorrhage

D. Epidural hematoma

E. Germinal matrix zone hemorrhage

2. Lesions associated with bilirubin encephalopa-thy typically involve the following structures:

A. Substantia nigra and cerebral cortex

B. Ammon's horn and frontal cortex

C. Occipital cortex and subthalamic nucleus

D. Globus pallidus, Ammon's horn, and subthalamic nucleus

E. Cerebellum and frontal lobe

STIONS -

3. Histologic changes that occur in congenital cytomegalovirus infection are:

A. Polymicrogyria

B. Periventricular calcification

C. Necrotizing ventriculitis

D. All of these

E. None of these

4. The lesion that is encountered in the brain of a premature infant who suffered a severe hypoxic insult is:

A. Cortical calcification

B. Periventricular leukomalacia

C. Microgyria

D. Necrotizing granuloma

E. Cerebellar atrophy

5. Late pathologic sequelae of severe perinatal hypoxic insult are:

A. Sclerotic microgyria

B. Heterotopia

C. Porencephaly

D. Status marmoratus of the thalamus

E. Cortical dysplasia

6. Ocular pathology associated with congenital toxoplasmosis includes:

A. Cataract

B. Pigmentary degeneration

C. Glaucoma

D. All of these

E. None of these

7. Neurologic manifestations observed in children who suffered a bilirubin encephalopathy during the neonatal period are:

A. Athetosis

B. Chorea

C. Dystonia

D. Any of these

E. None of these

8. Risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) include:

A. Prematurity

B. Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy

C. Excessive maternal alcohol consumption and illicit substance abuse during pregnancy

D. All of these

E. None of these

(Answers are provided in the Appendix.)

APPENDIX

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