Corneal reflex Oligosynaptic reflex, afferent path in the first (ophthalmic) division of the trigeminal nerve, efferent path via the facial nerve, synapses located in pontomedullary brainstem

Touch cornea with a cotton wisp that is not visible to the patient, response is a blink produced by a contraction of the orbicularis oculi

Attenuation caused specifically by lesions of the trigeminal or facial nerve or their central synaptic connection

Table 21.15. The most important intrinsic and extrinsic muscle reflexes


Common abbreviation

Segment/peripheral nerve

Examination technique

Biceps tendon reflex

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