Typical signs and symptoms of a brain tumor include headache, neurological deficits, psychic changes (the patient and his/her relatives are usually unaware of these changes or misjudge them as trivial, especially when they have developed gradually) epileptic attacks, and visual symptoms (■ Table 12.3).
Table 12.3. Typical ophthalmologic signs and symptoms of brain tumors
Loss of vision
Optic disc changes (optic atrophy, papilledema)
Motility disorders (third, fourth and sixth cranial nerves)
Visual field defects
Loss of color vision (desaturation)
Loss of somatic sensation (fifth cranial nerve)
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