118.1] Which of the following statements is most accurate?
A. The American Urological Association (AllA) and United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend annual prostate cancer screening with digital rectal examination (DRE) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
B. All men older than age 50 years should have a PSA drawn each year, regardless of other health conditions.
C. Compared to DRE alone, the combination of DRE and PSA increases the sensitivity and specificity of prostate cancer screening.
D. Transrectal ultrasound offers the greatest sensitivity and specificity for detecting prostate cancer.
E. For healthy men older than age 70 years, the AUA discourages any prostate cancer screening.
118.2] Regarding presbycusis, which of the following is true?
A. Sensorineural presbycusis does not respond to hearing aid use.
B. Presbycusis usually results in major depression.
C. Presbycusis usually results in loss of speech discrimination.
D. Presbycusis usually results in unilateral hearing loss.
E. Presbycusis usually results in low-frequency hearing loss.
[ 18.3] Which of the following statements is accurate?
A. Glaucoma is the leading cause of severe vision loss in older Americans.
B. Vitamin A deficiency is the most common cause of blindness worldwide.
C. Ninety percent of cataracts are age-related, or senile, cataracts.
D. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness worldwide.
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