Effect on Systolic Sounds and Murmurs


Cardiovascular Effect

Mitral Valve Prolapse

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Aortic Stenosis

Standing; Strain Phase of Valsalva

Decreased left ventricular volume from X venous return to heart

Decreased vascular tone:

X arterial blood pressure; X peripheral vascular resistance

T prolapse of mitral valve

Click moves earlier in systole and murmur lengthens

T outflow obstruction

X blood volume ejected into aorta

Pregnancy Guide

Pregnancy Guide

A Beginner's Guide to Healthy Pregnancy. If you suspect, or know, that you are pregnant, we ho pe you have already visited your doctor. Presuming that you have confirmed your suspicions and that this is your first child, or that you wish to take better care of yourself d uring pregnancy than you did during your other pregnancies; you have come to the right place.

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