Effect on Systolic Sounds and Murmurs


Cardiovascular Effect

Mitral Valve Prolapse

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Aortic Stenosis

Standing; Strain Phase of Valsalva

Decreased left ventricular volume from X venous return to heart

Decreased vascular tone:

X arterial blood pressure; X peripheral vascular resistance

T prolapse of mitral valve

Click moves earlier in systole and murmur lengthens

T outflow obstruction

X blood volume ejected into aorta

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

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