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Cephalohematoma

Although not present at birth, cephalohematomas appear within the first 24 hours and are due to subperiosteal hemorrhage involving the outer table of one of the cranial bones. The swelling, as above, does not extend across a suture, though it is occasionally bilateral following a difficult delivery. The swelling is initially soft, then develops a raised bony margin within a few days due to calcium deposits at the edge of the periosteum, and tends to resolve within several weeks.

Hydrocephalus

In hydrocephaly, the anterior fontanelle is bulging and the eyes may be deviated downward, revealing the upper scleras and creating the "settingsun" sign, as shown in the figure above. The setting sun sign is also seen briefly in some normal newborns. (From Zitelli, BJ & Davis, HW. [1997], Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis, 3rd ed., St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book. Courtesy of Dr. Albert Briglan, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh.)

Anterior

Posterior Normal

Scaphocephaly Frontal plagiocephaly

(sagittal) (unilateral coronal)

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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