Classification of supraspinatus muscle atrophy in MRI according to Zanetti [142

Scapular Mri

Magnetic resonance imaging was performed on a 1.0-Tesla scanner. A sequence of parasagittal T1-weighted turbo spin-echo MRI images repetition time TR echo time TE 700 12 ms parallel to the glenohu-meral joint space was obtained. For quantitative assessment, areas and SIs of the rotator cuff muscle and the area of the fossa supraspinata were measured at the most lateral image on which the scapular spine is in contact with the rest of the scapula Fig. 14 a . Tangent Sign Qualitative assessment of...

The Western Ontario rotator cuff index WORC [69

Walch Duplay Score

The purpose of the study was to develop a valid and reliable disease-specific quality-of-life measurement tool for patients with rotator cuff disease. Methodology for the development and evaluation of the tool included the following 1 identification of a specific patient population. 2 Generation of potential items, 3 item reduction, 4 protesting the prototype instrument, 5 determination of reliability, and 6 validation. The WORC consists of 21 items representing five domains pertinent to...

The rotator cuff qualityoflife measure RCQOL [59

Development of the disease-specific RC-QOL The RC-QOL was developed through a process of item generation, item reduction, pretesting, and test retest reliability analysis. Items were generated from a thorough review of the literature, discussions with clinicians experienced in the area of rotator cuff disease, and modifications of similar disease-specific quality-of-life outcome measures, as well as through direct input from a set of patients with a full spectrum of rotator cuff disease. These...

Classifications of rotator cuff tears according to Patte [107

Snyder Cuff Tear Classification

1 Extent of the tear see Sect. 5.6 2 Topography of the tear in the sagittal plane 3 Topography of the tear in the frontal plane 4 Trophic quality of the muscle of the torn tendon 5 State of the long head of the biceps Topography of rotator cuff tear in sagittal plane according to Patte 107 Fig. 7 Segment 1 subscapularis tear Segment 2 coracohumeral ligament tear Segment 3 isolated supraspinatus tear Segment 4 tear of entire supraspinatus and one-half of infraspinatus Segment 5 tear of...

Arthroscopic classification of partialthickness rotator cuff tears according to Ellman [32

Partial Thickness Tear Rotator

The author stated that any tear, whether partial or complete, should be classified as Stage III impingement according to Neer 97 . The following subclassification of Stage III is proposed to include both partialand full-thickness rotator cuff tears Table 1 . The classification of partial-thickness tears Fig. 9 34 indicates which surface is involved and grades the severity of the tear according to depth. The normal cuff is considered to be 10-12-mm thick. A Grade 1 partial tear less than 3-mm...