Surgery

In general, surgery is performed more readily and anesthesia is easier to administer in larger patients. Another advantage is that young adults are generally healthier than older patients. The main disadvantage in fully grown patients relative to children is that the older patients generally have fewer compensatory mechanisms to overcome the deficits and disabilities resulting from the surgical resection of large tumors. Decisions to use sedation and anesthesia commonly employed in younger children (e.g., topical anesthetic for venipunctures) should be individualized to the adolescent/young adult patient, but should not be dismissed as unnecessary just because of the patient's "maturity."

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